Italorum, (from Clymenes, who first used it). See Androsaemum.

Clypealis Cartilago

(From its resemblance to a shield, clypeus). See Aspera arteria.


A shield. It is supposed to be an instrument used in the ancient baths to increase or diminish their heat, by admitting or excluding air; so called from its resemblance.


(From Clysma 2255 to wash out, a clyster). See


Clyssiformis Distillatio

(From clissus and forma, a likeness). A distillation of such substances as are subject to take fire and fulminate by a tubulated retort.


See Hippophaes.


(From Cnecus 2257 to scratch or rasp). See

Carthamus; also the seeds of the carthamus.


Any part connected with the tibia. Galen.


E'us, (from Cnemodactyl 2258 the tibia, and the toe; so named from its origin and insertion). See Extensor digitorum longus.


Sec Thymalaea.

Cnesis Cnesmos

Cnesis Cnesmos 2260 the same as cnismos, and cnyma, (from to scratch). That eager scratching observed in brutes; but it more generally means the itching itself.


(From the same). It is a species of thymalaea; a rasp, which is also called cnester, and particularly a rasp for scraping cheese.


(From Cnicelaeon 2262 cnicus, and oil). Oil made of the seed of cnicus. Its virtues are the same with those of the oleum ricini, but in an inferior degree.


A name of the trifolium.


(From Cnicus 2264 to scratch). The heads are surrounded with a crown, formed of a complication of numerous leaves. Many of the species of the former genus are removed to that of carduus and attractylis, q.v

That used as a purge by Hippocrates is supposed to be the carthamus; but modern botanists exclude it from the species of this plant.

Cnicus albis maculis notatus. See Carduus Lacteus Syriacus.

Cnicus sylvestris. See Carduus Benedictus.


(From Cnide 2265 to scratch). See Urtica.


(From Cnidelaeon 2266 the nettle, and oleum). Oil made of the cnidia grana.

Cnidia Coccus

See Thymalaea.

Cnidia grana. Cnidian berries; called AEtolion, cocca cnidia, coccalos. Daphne gridium Lin. Sp. Pi. 511. These berries are highly acrid and poisonous.


(From Cnidosis 2268 nettle). An itching and stimulating sensation, such as is excited by the nettle.