(From Coccarium 2273 a berry). The name of a very small pill mentioned by Oribasius in his Sy-nop. lib. iii.

Cocceira Indica

See coccifera.

Cocci Orientales

See Cocculus Indicus.

Cocciae Minores Pil

Colocynth. pil. cum aloe. See Catharticum extractum.

Cocco Balsamon

(From Cocco Balsamon 2274 a berry, and balsam tree). The fruit of the true balsam.


(A dim. of coccus, a berry). The grains or acini of the pomegranate. See Granata mala.


Or Coccum. See Palma coccifera. In Hippocrates, when without any addition, it signifies the cnidia grana: but coccus implies any berry or grain.

Cocculi Indi Aromatici

(Fromthesame). See Piper Jamaicense.


Lndicus, called also cocculae offi-cinarum, cocci orientales. Menispermum cocculus Lin. Sp. Pi. 1468. Indian berry. It is a brown fruit of the size of a very large pea; rough, brittle, and when perfect hath a white kernel. It is brought from Malabar and the East Indies, where it grows in clusters on a large tree called natsiatam. It is poisonous if swallowed, bringing on a nausea, fainting, and convulsion. The noxious quality resides in the kernel, and it operates both as an emetic and purgative. It is only, and rarely, used externally: made into an ointment, or infused in water, it destroys lice more effectually than the staves-acre. Mixed with paste it stupifies fishes so that they will lie on the water, and not attempt to escape from the hand that takes them. Wepfer takes notice of several experiments made with them in his work De Ci-cuta Aquatica. See also Raii Hist, and Neumann's Chem. Works.

Coccum Baphicum

Infectorium, tinctorium, chermesinum vel scarlatinum. See Chermes.


See Palma coccifera.


Coccyx 2277 See Coccygis os.


(From Cochia 2278 to make round). A name formerly of some officinal pills. There were two compositions bearing this name; the pil. cochiae majores from Rhases, and the pil. cochiae minores from Galen: the first is totally excluded from practice; the second is called pil. colocynth. cum aloe,or extractum colocynthi-dis compositum. See Colocynthis.


(From cochlea, a cockle; whose shell its bowl represents). A spoon. Perhaps so called from resembling a shell. The ancients had two kinds of spoons; the greater, which contained a drachm; and the lesser, which contained a scruple. Various indeed are the accounts of the ancient cochlearia; but in the present London and Edinburgh dispensatories, a large spoonful is, of syrup half an ounce in weight, and of distilled waters three drachms in weight, by measure half an ounce.

Cochlea Tus

(From cochlea, a snail). In botany it means resembling a snail's shell.


A name for a part in a machine described by Oribasius.