Colophonia

(Colophonia 2317 a city of Ionia, from whence it was first brought). Colophony, or black resin; called also berrionis resina fricta torta, vel nigra; dried or black resin. Phrycte is used alone in this sense, as a distinction from the liquid sort called hygra. It is only resin whose humid and volatile parts are most dissipated. It receives its names as above from the city, which formerly furnished the best kind.

Two sorts are mentioned in ancient writings, the dry and liquid. The latter seems to have been liquid pitch, which is the crude resin of the pine brought from Colophon; the former was the resina fricta. The latter Greeks called every kind of resin colophony.

The best colophony is the resin of turpentine, which, after the ethereal oil is distilled, is again urged by a strong continued fire.

Coloquintida

(From Coloquintida 2318 and moveo).

See Colocynthis.

Colora Tus

(From color, colour). In botany it means varying from its usual colour, as when leaves which ought to be green are of the colour of the flower.

Colorindus

A mixture of blue and purple.

Colostrum

(From Colostrum 2320 food, because it is the first food of the young). The first milk of any animal, after bringing forth its young; that from cows is called Beestings. It is thin, gently cathartic, and carries off the meconium; serving both as aliment and medicine.

An emulsion prepared with turpentine, dissolved with the yolk of egg, is sometimes called colostrum.

Colotoides

(From Colotoides 2321 a lizard, and likeness). Variegated like the skin of a lizard. Hippocrates applies it to the excrements when of different colours.

Colpoptosis

(From Colpoptosis 2325 the -vagina, and to fall down ). See Procidentia vaglnae.

Colpos

See Sinus.

Coluber Berus

(quad colat umbram,because he delights in a shade). See Viper.

Colubrina

(From coluber, a snake; from the snake-like contortions of its roots). See Serpentaria, Dracontium, and Bistorta.

Colubrina Lusitanica, herba. See Caacica.

Colubrinus Lapis Or Serpentis

It hath its name from the snake coluber, from which it was thought to be taken; but it is now known to be an artificial composition. It is made of hartshorn, burnt to blackness, and afterwards polished; or of clay. It is fabled to be a cure for the bites of serpents, by applying it to the wound.

Columbac

See Agallochum.

Columella

(A dim. of columna, a column; so called from its shape). The clitoris, also the uvula, and hypostaphile, or falling down of the uvula. See also Capsula.