Constrictores Pharyngaei

See Pharynx.


(From the same). Diseases attended with constriction.


(From the same). See Astringentia.


(From consumo, to waste away). See Phthisis.


(From contabesco, to pine or waste away). See Atrophia.


(From contagio, contagion). Disorders from infection or contagious diseases.


(From con and tempero, to moderate ). See Temperantia.


(From contineo, to restrain). It sometimes is used to express a tension or stricture.


(From contineo, to contain). Contents. Any fluids contained within a solid part of the body.


From contendo, to stretch). Stretched.

Continens Febris

A continual or a continent fever, which proceeds regularly in the same tenor, without either intermission or remission. This rarely, if ever, happens. See Febris.

Continua Febris

(From continuo, to perse-vere). A continued fever, attended with exacerbations, and slight remissions, but no intermission; sometimes called assidua. See Febris.


(From contorqueo, to twist about). Contorsion. In medicine this word hath various significations. See Iliaca passio, Luxatio, Luxation of the vertebrae and Caput.


(From contorqueo, to twist aside). In botany it means ravelled, curled, or twisted.

Contra Apertura

(From contra, against, and aperio, to open). A counter opening. This is sometimes necessary in wounds made by puncture, or by a bullet, to discharge what is contained in them, or to prevent their growing fistulous. The circumstances requiring this procedure are so various, as to demand considerable sagacity in the surgeon. The opening is sometimes made by passing a trochar to the bottom of the wound, directing its point to the nearest skin, and continuing it through, so as to make the old and the new aperture one continued passage; more frequently by cutting through the skin directly upon the intruded body, or upon the button of the probe, which may be introduced to the bottom of the wound to direct the incision. See Petit and Heister's Surgery.


Fissura, (from contra, opposite, and findo, to cleave). Contra-fissure. See Fissura.


(From contraho, to contract). Medicines which shorten and strengthen the fibres. Astringents are the only medicines of this nature, q. v.


Indicatio,(fromcontra,against,and indico, to show). See Axtexdeixis.


Lunaris, (from contra, and tuna, the moon). An epithet given by Dietericus to a woman who conceives during the menstrual discharge; but we believe there is no instance of this kind.


Contrary. In botany it means not parallel in situation. In medicine, any thing opposite in its nature or tendency.


Vermes, (Sem.). See Santonicim.

Contri Tio

(From contero,to break small). See Comminutio.

Contusio Contusura

See Contusa.


(Greek.) A cone. The fruit of the pine, fir, or cedar tree; or any fruit with a broad basis, which gradually diminishes to a point. The trees which bear such fruit are called coniferous. Dioscorides says, that Conus 2360 is a name of liquid pitch.

Conus fusorius, also called pyramis. A cone. It is a vessel resembling an inverted cone, made of brass or iron, and is used for separating a regulus from its scoriae; for while the fused metal is pouring into the crucible, it is struck with a mallet, in order to produce a tremulous motion in it, by which the heavier parts fall to the bottom.