(From Cynosbatos 2575 and a thorn).

The berry of the dog Rose. Canirubus, cynocytis, rosa sy/vestris vulgaris, and inodora. It is the rosa canina Lin. Sp. Pi. 6:31. The wild briar, or hip tree. It is one of the largest plants of the rose kind, a native of Britain, grows wild in hedges, and flowers in June. The fruit contains a sour sweetish pulp, which is made into a conserve, by adding to a pound of the pulp of the berries (hips) of double refined sugar twenty ounces.

The hips are to be split, and the hairy seeds carefully separated. When the fruit is mellowed by standing a few days, it must be pressed through a hair sieve, and to the pulp the sugar must be added. Ph. Lond. 1788. If this caution is not observed in pulping the fruit, the rough prickly matter enclosing the seeds may be retained in the conserve, which will occasion uneasiness at the stomach, an itching about the anus, and sometimes vomiting. Though formerly it was ordered in large doses, to correct acrid bile, sharp urine, heat in the stomach, and esteemed useful in many disorders, as dropsies, calculous complaints, dysenteries, haemorrhages, etc. it is now considered only as agreeable to the taste, and principally used as a vehicle to more efficacious remedies. There is also a reddish green, spongy, hairy excrescence, made by small ichneumon flies, on the stalks of this tree, called bedeguar, celebrated for its astringent power; but it has not yet been sufficiently tried to speak with great certainty of its power.