( from its relieving the colic, and dispersing flatulencies). The carrot, called also carota, supposed to be derived from cara.
Daucus alsaticus. See Oreoselinum pratense.
Daucus annuus minor. See Caucalis.
Daucus vulgaris; called also daucus sylvestris, pastinaca tenuifolia, staphilinus Graecorum vel sylvestris. Wild carrot, or bird's nest. It is the daucus carota Lin. Sp. Pi. 348.
Daucus creticus; myrrhis annua, daucus foliis faeniculi tenuissimis, carrot of Crete. It is the atha-manta Cretensis Lin. Sp. Pi. 352; but often brought from Germany. The best is large, fresh, sound, and of an acrid taste.
The wild carrot is common in many uncultivated parts of England, and flowers in June: in its cultivated state, this is the well known garden carrot. Carrots appear to contain, from experiment, a large proportion of saccharine matter, and consequently afford much nourishment, if well boiled; if eaten raw, they are very difficult in digestion, and pass through the bowels without suffering any considerable change. Raw carrots have been given to children as an anthelmintic, probably, on this account: in calculous complaints, the expressed juice, or decoction of the roots, has been recommended; and as gargles for infants in aphthous affections, or excoriations of the mouth: to cancerous and putrid sores, and to phagedaenic ulcers, cataplasms of scraped carrot have been found useful, as they mitigate the pain, and abate the stench of such as are foul and offensive. The seeds are similar in their taste and smell to those of the Cretan carrot, but weaker: they are, however, substituted for them; and, if infused in ale or wine, give out their diuretic, antiscorbutic, carminative, and lithontriptic virtues; at least, all which they possess. They are, indeed, slightly carminative and diuretic, but little more. Half a pound of the seeds may be infused in five or six gallons of ale, and a pint of the clear liquor drunk three times a day. The seeds of the wild carrot, which should be gathered in August, are said in many instances to have been useful in the stone and gravel, particularly in the latter, when accompanied with great pain and coffee coloured or bloody urine. Half an ounce of the seeds may be added to half a pint of boiling water, and the infusion drunk with sugar and milk, instead of tea, for breakfast, and again in the afternoon. Gouty people, who are afflicted with the gravel, are sometimes relieved by it in a few days; others do not perceive any sensible effect from it for some months, but have been afterwards rewarded for their perseverance: though Dr. Cullen says, that the seed has been employed for a considerable time, in large quantities, in calculous cases, without any apparent remarkable diuretic power.
Daucus sativus. Daucus carota Lin. var. r.. The common garden carrot. This root is in frequent use, and though it will not yield any grained sugar, it affords a great deal of a sweet juice, strongly nutritious. When boiled, it affords a tender, and not very flatulent, food. The roots, when scraped small, and made up into a poultice, take off the disagreeable smell which attends ulcerated cancers. The raw carrot may be scraped or grated, then made into a cataplasm with cold water, and applied to any fetid ulcers; or carrots may be boiled a sufficient time till they become soft enough to mash into a pulp. The raw carrots are, however, preferable. Turnips prepared the same way are said to answer a similar purpose. They are both to be applied immediately to the ulcer, without the intervention of any other substance. See Lond. Med. Obs. and Inq. vol. iv. p. 183, 358, etc. Lewis's Mat. Med.
Daucus Macedonius. See Apium Macedoni-cum.
Daucus montanus. See Oreoselinum, Apii folio.
Daucus odoratus creticus. See Cuminoi-des.
Daucus peregrinus. See Selinum montan. Daucus petroselini vel coriandri folio. See Bunium.