Dogmatist. A sect of ancient physicians, of which Hippocrates is supposed to have been the first. They supposed principles drew conclusions, and applied those principles and conclu4e sions to particular diseases: hence were they called togici, logicians, and were distinguished from the em-pirici and methodic!. They are what are at present styled regular scientific physicians, in opposition to quacks and Brunonians.


(From dolabra, an. axe, and forma, likeness). In botany it means shaped like an axe.


(Dolichos 3029 ). Long, or prolix. A pod

Or Kidney Bean. See Phaseolus Zurratensis.

Dolichos soia, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1023; the plant which affords the soy. See Condiment.

Dolichos pruriens, Lin. Sp. Pi. 1019. From the bean of this plant the hairy covering is scraped, and given to destroy worms. See Anthelmintica.


See Deligatio.


Vel Dolorosi, Extrinseoi, and Intrinseci Painful diseases of the limbs or internal parts.


(From domus, a house). Domestic. In zoology it signifies animals fed at home, in distinction from those which are wild. It botany it signifies cultivated; in pharmacy, some medicines prepared for a family without the direction of a physician.

Dominicum Serpentun

See Boicininga.


(From Dorcas 3030 to see; from the acuteness of his vision). See Capra alpina, and Capreolus.


See Hemeralops.

Doria Narbone Nsium

From Andrew Do-ria, who brought it from Africa. Damasonium, lobelii, and mathioli; aiisma; alisma damasonium Lin. Sp. Pi. 486. Doria's wound wort. It grows on the banks of rivers, flowers in July and August, and is commended as a vulnerary, but not much employed.

Doria hebra. See Virga aurea.,

Doridis Humor

See Aqua marina.


(From its country). ' See Anchusa.


(From the Arabic term dorongi) Leopard's bane.

Doronicum Austriacum, Germanicum- See Arnica Montana .

Doronicum Romanum; doronicum radice scorpii, aconitum pardalianches, broad leaved leopard and wolf's bane; doronicum pardalianchcs Lin. Sp. Pi.

1247, var. β.

It is a native of the Alps; cultivated in our gardens; hath heart-shaped leaves, and roots that are knotted, and resemble a scorpion's tail. It flowers in June and July. The roots are sweetish to the taste, slightly aromatic, and extolled in epilepsies; but they are neglected at present in our practice. The plant is supposed to be the duronego of the Arabians.


(From dorsum, the back,) belonging to the back. In botany it means a plant which bears its seed on the back of its leaves. The Slices are, on this account, termed dorsales.

Dorsales Nervi

(From dorsum, the back;) the nerves which pass out from the vertebrae of the back. These dorsal nerves, as soon as they pass from the vertebrae, send out two branches anteriorly, called costales, which contribute to form the intercostal, and several twigs backwards to the muscles. The dorsal nerves go to the internal and external intercostal muscles, running on the under side of the ribs: those that supply the true ribs extend as far as the sternum; those that go to the spurious ribs are dispersed on the muscles of the belly. The first dorsal nerve goes to the axilla, to join the cervical; the last is diffused over the transversalis and obliqui intemi; and at the spine of the os ilium it throws a branch out, forming a cutaneous nerve on the hip.