(From to grow to or upon).
Additamentum, appendix, is a small bone annexed to the larger by means of an intervening cartilage, only observable in growing subjects, for in adults the epiphysis cannot be distinguished from the bone. Epiphyses are of a larger diameter than the bone they belong to, and serve to render the articulation more firm: the muscles also inserted into them act with greater force, as their axis are further removed from the centre of motion. They are sometimes separated from the head of the bone, and mistaken for a luxation, or a fracture. See Symphysis.
(From and to spread).
(From the omentum, and a rupture,) hernia omentalis. A rupture of the omentum; or a protrusion of the omentum through apertures in the integuments of the belly. Sometimes, according to Mr. Sharpe, so large a quantity of the omentum hath fallen into the scrotum, that its weight drawing the stomach and bowels downwards hath excited vomiting, inflammation, and symptoms similar to those of the bubonocele. When this happens, he thinks it necessary to operate as in the bubonu-cele. The rings of the muscles must be dilated; or the whole cannot be returned. But except inflammation has commenced, this method is not to be attempted.
(From the omentum). The peritoneal coal of the intestines sends out some processes like little epiploons, to which Winslow gives this name.
See Splenica arteria.
Epiploica dextra vena is a branch from the trunk of the meseraica major, which goes to the omentum.
Epiploioa sinistra vena arises from the splenica at the small extremity of the pancreas, and is ramified on the omentum so far as the colon, where it communicates with the haemorrhoidalis interna.
(From omentum). See Peritonitis omentalis, and Puerperilis febris.
(From the cawl, and to carry). Those who have the omentum in a morbid state; so that it appears, on a comparative view, larger than that of brutes- a circumstance which rarely occurs. It is also applied to those who labour under a rupture of the omentum; but probably it is only a term of raillery.
(From the omentum, and the navel). See Hernia umbilicalis.