(From Eppphysis 3592 to grow to or upon).

Additamentum, appendix, is a small bone annexed to the larger by means of an intervening cartilage, only observable in growing subjects, for in adults the epiphysis cannot be distinguished from the bone. Epiphyses are of a larger diameter than the bone they belong to, and serve to render the articulation more firm: the muscles also inserted into them act with greater force, as their axis are further removed from the centre of motion. They are sometimes separated from the head of the bone, and mistaken for a luxation, or a fracture. See Symphysis.


(From Epiplasma 3593 and to spread).

(See Cataplasma.) A name for an application of wheat meal, boiled in hydrelaeum, to wounds.


(From Epiplocele 3595 the omentum, and a rupture,) hernia omentalis. A rupture of the omentum; or a protrusion of the omentum through apertures in the integuments of the belly. Sometimes, according to Mr. Sharpe, so large a quantity of the omentum hath fallen into the scrotum, that its weight drawing the stomach and bowels downwards hath excited vomiting, inflammation, and symptoms similar to those of the bubonocele. When this happens, he thinks it necessary to operate as in the bubonu-cele. The rings of the muscles must be dilated; or the whole cannot be returned. But except inflammation has commenced, this method is not to be attempted.

Epiploicae Appendiculae

(From Epiploicae Appendiculae 3597 the omentum). The peritoneal coal of the intestines sends out some processes like little epiploons, to which Winslow gives this name.

Epiploica Arteria

See Splenica arteria.

Epiploica dextra vena is a branch from the trunk of the meseraica major, which goes to the omentum.

Epiploioa sinistra vena arises from the splenica at the small extremity of the pancreas, and is ramified on the omentum so far as the colon, where it communicates with the haemorrhoidalis interna.


(From Epiploitis 3598 omentum). See Peritonitis omentalis, and Puerperilis febris.


(From Epiploocomistes 3599 the cawl, and to carry). Those who have the omentum in a morbid state; so that it appears, on a comparative view, larger than that of brutes- a circumstance which rarely occurs. It is also applied to those who labour under a rupture of the omentum; but probably it is only a term of raillery.


(From Epiploomphalon 3601 the omentum, and the navel). See Hernia umbilicalis.