(From erugo, to make smooth; from the smoothness of its leaves). Rocket; euzomon. It resembles mustard in appearance, but is distinguished by the smoothness of the leaves, and its disagreeable smell. The seeds have a pungent taste, somewhat like that of mustard, but weaker. The sort used in medicine is the brassica eruca Lin. Sp. Pi. 923. It is also a term for mustard. See Sinapi.

Eruca sativa, called also eruca latifolia alba, eruca major sativa. Garden rocket; brassica eruca Lin. Sp. Pi. 923. The roots have a hot biting taste, and the seeds have the same qualities. The herb is eaten as a salad, and is somewhat warm and diuretic; but is not in use as a medicine.

Eruca sylvestris, called also eruca sy/vestris major, and eruca tenuifolia, brassica erucastrum Lin. Sp. Pi. 923. Wild rocket.

Eruca siliqua cauli oppressa. Hedge mustard. See Erysimum.


(From Eruthemata 3671 to make red). Red fiery tumours which arise from inflammation, as in erysipelas.


De Sancta Mari'a. See Dracon-tium.


(dim. from ervum, vetch). See Ochrus. Ervum, (quasi arvum, a field; because it grows wild in the fields,) orobus, crobrychis peregrina. The bitter vetch; ervum erviiia Lin. This plant grows two feet in height: its leaves and flowers are like those of the tare in their shape, but are less, and of a white colour; they are succeeded by pods which contain two or three large, round, whitish seeds. It is a native of France, Italy, and the warmer parts of Europe. The seeds have a farinaceous, disagreeable, bitter taste; are supposed nephritic, powerfully diuretic, and, if mixed with honey, expectorant. Ervum lens. See Lens.


Foetidum, Lin. Sp. Pi. 336, is highly esteemed in America as an antihysteric medicine; and in large doses is said to act powerfully as a cathartic and a diuretic. It is chiefly employed in the hysteria and dropsy.


From erysipelas, and Erysipelatoides 3681 likeness,) a tumor resembling the erysipelas, or a spurious erysipelas. See Oedema erysipelatoides.


(From Erysisceptrum 3682 red, and

Erysisceptrum 3684 sceptrum; from its colour and resemblance to a sceptre). See Aspalathus.


(From Erythema 3685 red). See Inflammatio.

Erythema a frigore. See Pernio.

Erythema ambustio; the inflammation caused by burns or scalds. See Combustura.

Erythema gangraenosum. See Carbunculus.


(From Erythrion 3686 red). The name of an amalgama in P. AEgineta.


(The same, from the colour of its juice). See Rubia tinctorum.