(From facio, to do). A faculty; or the power of performing any action. The animal faculty is the power of exercising sense, motion, and the principal functions of the body. The mental faculties may be reduced to imagination, reasoning, and memory. See Actio.
Cula brtoniae. The Faecula Of Bryony. Take of the roots of white bryony any quantity; scrape them, and squeeze out their juice; which, after standing a little while, deposits a sediment, from which the thinner part may be separated by decantation, and the rest dried for use. Other faeculae are extracted in the same way. Sago, potato flour, cassada, and indigo, are faeculae, and by nitric converted into the malic or oxalic acid. In making starch, which is also a faecula, the extractive and glutinous parts are destroyed by fermentation.
Quasi fax, (rom from to sink to the bottom,) chersa. It is properly the sediment, or lees, or grounds, of any fermented liquor; but in medicine it is generally understood of wine. The alvine excretions are thus called.
Called oxya; balanda; valanida. The beech tree.. Fagus sylvatica Lin Sp. Pi. 1416. Its leaves resemble those of the horn-beam: the fruit is produced at a remote distance from the flower, but on the same tree, and is a callous substance, acuminated, inclosing two triangular seeds or nuts. It grows in woods and in hedges. The mast (i. e. fruit) agrees in its properties with those of the chesnut. The oil expressed from beech nuts is supposed to destroy worms: a child may take two drachms of it night and morning; an adult an ounce. The poor people in Silesia use this oil instead of butter. Raii Hist.
Fairburn is in the county of Ross, in Scotland, about two miles from the Castle-leod well. It is a strong sulphureous water, of the same nature, but not so active: a gallon, on evaporation, yielded, of absorbent, dark coloured, light earth, two grains; of white calcareous earth, fifteen; of Glauber salt, mixed with yellow matter, etc. twenty-four grains; without any selenites. It is used for the same purposes as Castle-leod waters, but not so much frequented. Monro's Medical and Pharmaceutical Che-mistrr, vol. ii.
(From the Hebrew word var, frumentum). Grain. It not only means a particular kind of grain, between wheat and barley, less nourishing than the former, but more so than the latter, according to Vos-sius; but it means bread corn, grain of any kind. AEtius gives this application to any kind of frumentaceous grain, decorticated, cleansed from the husks, and afterwards bruised and dried.