Ficus 1'ndica. See Banana and Musa.
Ficus Indicae grana. See Cocinilla.
Ficus infernalis. See Cataputia.
Ficus sativa, arida, communis. The fig tree. Ficus carica Lin. Sp. Pi. 1513. The-unripe fig is called grossus; the dried, carica; its grain or seed cen-chramis, from its resembling millet seed. This tree is of a middling size, with large leaves cut into five segments; grows spontaneously in the warmer climes, and is cultivated in our gardens.
The best figs are brought from Turkey; many from the south of France, where they dry, after dipping them in hot ley, made of the ashes of the fig tree, by exposing them to the sun. The recent fruit, completely ripe, is soft, succulent, and easily digested, unless eaten in immoderate quantities, when it is apt to occasion flatulency, pain of the stomach, and diarrhoea. .
The skin of the fruit is glutinous and salt; and from hence their laxative power has been ridiculously derived. They are very nutritious, as their sugar is united with a large portion of mucilaginous matter; grateful to the stomach, and easier to digest than many other of the sweet fruits. But they are used in medicine as a lubricating emollient, and are an ingredient in pectoral decoctions, as well as suppurating cataplasms. They are sometimes used alone, and applied as warm as they can easily be borne to phlegmons of the gums, and other parts where poultices cannot be confined. See Lewis's and Cullen's Materia Medico.