(Quasi fumi/igo, from fumus, smote,') araxos, asoper, asuoli, soot, is the shining black concrete, formed by the smoke from wood. It hath a disagreeable smell, and a pungent bitter nauseous taste: the more resinous the wood, the more bitter will be the soot. By a chemical analysis it affords a volatile alkaline salt, an empyreumatic oil, a fixed alkali, an acid formed by the decomposition of the mucilage, and a resin soluble in alcohol.
Soot yields its virtues to water, or to proof spirit, each of which dissolves about one fourth part of it; and is considered as an antispasmodic, and an emmenagogue.
(From fungor, to perform). See Actio.
We shall add professor Richerand's new classification of the functions. It is elegant, comprehensive, and complete.
See Agaricus piperatus.
Fungus articuli. See Spina ventosa.
See Mediana vena.
Fu Rcula Inferior, (a dim. of furca, a fork). See Ensiformis.
(From furca, a fork). See Clavicufurfur, (from the Hebrew term farfarah, to break into small pieces). Bran. Called by Coelius Au-relionuscantabrum leptopityron. It is commended as excellent for removing offensive sordes from the head; and for relieving headachs, when rubbed warm on it. It has been used also as an expectorant, in decoction, or rather in infusion; and, sweetened with honey, is said to relieve violent and obstinate coughs. We have already remarked that it is almost exclusively gluten and of an animal nature, producing, by distillation, ammonia
(From furfur, bran). Scurf. Small exfoliations of the cuticle from exudation, like bran, which follow some eruptions on the skin: a new cuticle is formed underneath during the exfoliation.
(From furfur, bran). The appellation of urine, whose sediment resembles bran. It is also called petyroides; and is synonymous with furfurosi.
(From the same). Those afflicted with a scurf on the head, which, upon combing, discharges a scaly substance like bran, sometimes called porrigo, and farrea nubes.
(From furio, to enrage; so called from the violence of pain). See Ambulo.
Or Fusaria, (from fusus, a spindle; because its wood is made into spindles). See Euony-mus.
(From fusus, a spindle, and forma, likeness). Botanically, it is applied to the root, and means tapering like a spindle.
(From fundo, to pour out). Fusion, dia-chysis. It is the reduction of solid bodies to a state of fluidity by fire. Fusio and solutio, per ignem, mean the same; but, by fusion, we usually understand a solution or liquation of metals or minerals: by liquefaction, a solution of pinguious and concreted substances; by solution, the union of a body with a menstruum into a transparent fluid.