Glutaeus Maximus

(From the same,) glutaeus major, is a muscle which rises from the posterior lateral part of the os coccygis, from a ligament extended between the os sacrum and the latter bone; from the flat surface of the ilium, where it is connected to the os sacrum; and from the spine of the ilium. Its anterior portion grows tendinous, where it runs over the trochanter major, and makes part of the fascia of the thigh: the posterior is inserted into the hind part of the femur, to assist its extension. This muscle with the glutaeus medius and minimus, make up the fleshy part of the buttocks, from which they are denominated.

Glutaeus medius, rises as high as the spine of the os ilium, and is inserted into the very uppermost part of the trochanter major, bringing the thigh backward and outward.

Glutaeus minimus, rises rather lower than the preceding, and forms a middle tendon inserted into the trochanter major, blended with the medius. It is an abductor of the thigh.


(Quasi geluten, from gelo, to congeal). Glue, lentor; the part of the blood which gives firmness to its texture. (See Blood). It is also a component part of vegetables, and is particularly found in the husks of grain. It is soluble in alcohol and alkalis; in its properties it approaches very nearly the nature of animal substances, and affords, in distillation, ammonia, containing hydrogen, carbon, and nitrogen. It is obtained also by boiling the expressed juice of cresses, scurvy grass, and many other plants of the tetradynamia class, after it has stood till the colouring matter has separated.


(From Glutia 3940 the buttock). See Cerebellum.


(From the same). A buttock.


(From gluttus, the throat, and pateo, to extend). An appellation of the stomach, which is only a dilatation of the oesophagus.

Glycymerides Magna

See Chama.


(From Glycypicros 3941 sweet, and bitter, from its taste). Woody night shade.


(From Gnaphalium 3945 cotton, from its soft downy surface). Cudweed; albinum. Gnafihalium dioicum Lin. Sp. Pl. 1199.

Gnaphalium alpinum. See Leontopodium.

Gnaphalium luteum. See Elychrysum.

Gnaphalium maritimum; called also gnaphalium marinum, gnaphalium cotonaria; athanasia maritima Lin. Sp. Pi. 1182; cotton weed, or sea cudweed.

All the species of cudweed are astringent, and supposed to be useful in fluxes and haemorrhages; but not used in this country.

Gnaphalium montanum; pes cati; hispidula; el-chrysum montanum ftore rotundiore; pilosella minor; a variety (β) of the g. dioicum. Mountain cudweed, or cat's foot. It is very common in France, and a syrup made of it hath been celebrated under the name of syrupus de hispidula seu aluropo.

Gnaphalium veterum. A species of bastard dittany. See Pseudo-dictamnus.