(From hierax, a hawk). Hieracu-lum, Hawkweed. See Accipitrina.

Hieracium longius radioatum. Long rooted hawkweed. Hypocheris radicata Lin. Sp. Pl. 1140. The stalks of each species are full of branches, slender and elegant; the leaves disposed alternately; the calyx thick, firm, and expanded; the seeds smooth and angu-lous, or striated.

The root of this species strikes deep into the ground; is long, thick, and but little branched; the leaves lie flat on the ground, are rough and hairy; the flowers like those of the dandelion, but less yellow and downy; the seeds long and slender. It grows in fields and meadows, and flowers from May to September. It is supposed to be cooling, aperient, and diuretic.

Hieracium alpinum, pannonica, costa herba, casta pulmonaria, pilosella major, dens leonis, pulmonaria lutea. Broad leaved Hungarian hawk weed. Hy-jiocharis maculata Lin. Sp. Pl. 1140. It grows on chalky hills, flowers in June, and is extolled in pulmonary disorders.

Hieracium minus, hieracium leporinum, lesser hawkweed; hyoseris minima Lin. Sp. Pl. 1138; grows in pasture ground, flowers in June and July: its virtues the same as those of the hieracium majus, but supposed to be more considerable.

Hieracium majus, also called sonchus repens. Greater hawkweed; sonchus arvensis Lin. Sp. Pl. 1116; is found in fields; flowers in July; the leaves are cool, and moderately astringent. See Raii Hist.

Hieracium montanum, et pulchrum. See Chondrilla.

Hieracium pilosella, Lin. Sp. Pl. 1125; is bitter and astringent, used internally in diarrhoea, and exter-nallv in itch and herpes.