(From Ixia 4599 glue). Varix. A name of the carlina, or such of this tribe as yield a viscous juice. The ixia, or ixias, is represented as poisonous; but it is not clearly known to what plant these names belong. These species of ixia of modern naturalists are chiefly natives of the Cape, and cannot be the plants mentioned by the ancients. The carlina, one of the thistle tribe, was called chamaeleon, from the very great variety of its leaves in different soils. (Pliny and Dioscorides.) Dios-corides calls the. white variety because a kind of glue is found at its root. Dios. lib. iii. cap. 10 and 11. Pliny, however, asserts, lib. xxii. cap. 18. that two plants are distinguished by this name, and that the is found in the axillae; while Guillandinus contends that the ixia and chamaeleon of Dioscorides, who, by the way, considers the former as poisonous, were different plants. Pliny informs us that the glue was used instead of mastich. Linnaeus includes all the ancient species in his genera of cnicus, or attractylis. The dispute, however, which has filled many pages, is trifling; and the outlines which we have here given will appear, perhaps, sufficiently satisfactory.

Ixia, Ixine, Ixion, (from the same). See Carduus. pinea.