Jacobaea Pratensis

Because it was gathered about the feast of St. James. See Doria.

Jacobae'a palustris. See Virga aurea.

Jade Stone

See Lapis nephriticus.


See Palma coccifera.


See Caryophyllata.


See Cassada.


(From janua, a gate). See Pylorus.


(From the same). See Portae vena.


Sec Arum.


(From the Arabian word jasmen, and Jasminoides 4607 likeness). See Coffea.


And jasminum officinale Lin. Sp. Pl. 9, is chiefly used for the stimulating power of its essential oil.


See Cataputia minor, and Cassada.

Jatropiia elastica. See Caoutchouc.


(From .jecus, the liver; from its supposed efficacy in diseases of the liver); the hepatica vulgaris; and the name of a vein in the right hand. See Splenitis.


(From jejunus, empty). One of the small intestines, generally found empty: ncstis. Where the duodenum ends it begins, and is immediately attached to the mesocolon. It proceeds downwards from the left side to the right, and obliquely forward, making several convolutions, which are chiefly situated in the upper part of the regio umbilicalis.


Or Jemu. See Gambogia.

Jesuitarum Pulvis

See Cortex Peruvianus.


The Brasilian name for the locust tree. See Anime, gum.

Jetica Brasiliensibus

See Battatas



See Mechoacana nigra.

Jovis Flos

See Crocus.

Jovis gla.ns. See Juglans.


A mane; a panicle, called from its resemblance to a horse's mane.

Judaica Arbor

See Siliquastrum. Judaicum Bitumen', (from Judea, whence i(was brought). See Bitumen.


(From judico). A synocha of four days.


Os, vol Jugamentum, (from ju-gum, a yoke). See Malarum ossa.

Jugalis Sutura

The sagittal suture. It is sometimes the suture by which the os jugale is articulated to the bone of the upper jaw.

Jugulares Venae

(From jugulum, the throat ). The jugular veins; vena apoplecticae, and soporales. They are external and internal, corresponding with the carotid arteries. The internal, which ascends by the side of the aspera arteria, is called apoplectica.


(From jugum, a yoke; because the yoke is fastened to this part,) the clavicle Celsus. The throat, or anterior part of the neck.


Zizipha. The jujube tree; rhamnus zizyphus Lin. Sp. Pl. 282. Jujubes are a half dried fruit of the plum kind, about the size and shape of an olive, consisting of a thickish, reddish, yellow skin, a whitish fungous pulp, and a wrinkled stone pointed at both ends. They are the produce of a prickly tree, with three-ribbed leaves, and herbaceous or yellowish flowers, sometimes found wild, but commonly cultivated in the southern parts of Europe.

This fruit is styled incrassant and demulcent, and hath been used in pectoral decoctions. The rhamnus jujuba has similar virtues.

Jujuba Indica. See Lacca.


(From the Arabic term gulab,) juleb, julepus; Julep, a form of medicine invented by the Arabians, generally liquid, clear, and sweet; juleb, in the Persian language, signifying a sweet potion.

A julep is generally only a vehicle for other articles, to render them more easy in the stomach, or more effectual-, so that they should not only be agreeable, but concur with the intention of the principal medicine. This form is often named after the material used, as Ju-lepum e Camphora, Creta, and Moscho. Julep. A name for syrupus. Julus, catkin. See Amentum". Juncaria, (from juncus, a bulrush). Italian 5 P 2 bushy horse tail. Lemery mentions this plant as vulnerary and detersive; but it is not known in the present practice.