(From luxurio, to exceed). A flower is called luxuriant, when the teguments of its fructifications are augmented so as to exclude some other essential part. Double flowers, which are luxuriant ones, seldom produce fertile seeds.


(From Lycanche 4788 a wolf). A quinsy; because the noise in breathing is supposed to resemble the howling of a wolf. See Angina.


(From Lychnis 4792 a torch, because its leaves were usually rolled up as torches).

Lychnis segetum major. See Nigellastrum.

Lychnis sylvestris. See Antirrhinum, Ocimas-trum, Behen album vulgare, and Saponaria.

Lychnis viscosa rubra. See Muscipula.

Lychnis coronaria Dioscoridis, rose campion, is cultivated in gardens, flowers in June, and its seeds are cathartic.

Lychnoides Segetum

(From lychnis, and Lychnoides Segetum 4793 likeness). See Nigellastrum.


See Cerus Cypri folio.


(From Lycia). The nandia agrahalid, arbor spinosa, the Indian thorn, probably a species of prunus, grows in the East Indies, is very large, resembling the wild pear; fruit bitterish and styptic; the leaves sour and astringent. This last property its inspissated juice preserves, and is called cate, as it is mistaken for the terra Japonica.

Lyciu.m buxi folliis, pyracantha, box thorn. Celestrus buxiformis, or pyracanthus Lin. Sp. Pl. 285, grows in hot countries. The rob of the fruit is astringent] but it is often adulterated, or the rob from the berries of periclimenuin substituted for it.


(From Lycoctonum 4794 a wolf, and to slay, because it was used for the purpose of destroying wolves). See Aconrror.

Lycope Rdon

(From Lycope Rdon 4796 a wolf, and crepitus ). Puff ball, supposed to spring from the dung of wolves.

Lycoperdon vulgare, crepitus lupi, bovisla, orbicularis fungus rotundus maximus pulverulentus; dusty mushroom, puff ball, lycoperdon bovista Lin. Sp. Pl. 1653, is round, or egg shaped, whitish, with a short and scarcely any pedicle, growing in pasture grounds. When young they are covered with tubercles on the outside, and pulpy within. By age they become smooth externally, and are filled with a fine light brownish dust. It is a very powerful vegetable styptic when externally applied. Gooch prefers it to the agaric of the oak, and every other fungous substance. It is softer and more absorbent than lint, and, if cut into slices, might answer the purpose of the sponge, recommended by Dr. Kirk-land, after amputation.


(From Lycopersicon 4798 a wolf, and

Lycopersicon 4800 a peach, from its exciting a violent degree of lust). Wolf's peach, so/anum peruvianum Lin. Sp. Pl. 267. It partakes of the poisonous properties of the other solana.