(In honour of Malpighi). Barba-does cherry tree. Cerasus Americana, Malphigia punicifolia Lin. Sp. Pl. 609. The fruit is eaten by the native Americans, but has no medicinal virtue.


Malmsey; marrisium; a rich generous wine of Spain and the Madeiras, supposed to be the arvisium of the island of Scio.

Mamaera Foemina

See Papaya foemina.

Mamanga Frutex

An arborescent shrub in Brasil, called by the Portuguese lavapralas, but not included in the botanical systems. Its leaves are applied to wounds and ulcers, and the expressed oil of its pods is used in maturating poultices. Raii Historia.


Said by Paulus AEgineta to be the root of a plant of a detergent quality. It has been supposed the root of the doronicum; but it has not been correctly ascertained.


Lraan, is a a plant which grows in the water, resembling in its leaf the convolvulus; its taste is hot and bitter, and the seed resembles that of sesamum.


Ra Mas et Foemina. See Papaya Mas Foemina.

Mammariae Arteri

AE, (from mamma, the breast.) The arteries of the breast. The external are branches from the axillary arteries, and called the superior thoracic. The internal proceed from the anterior and lower side of the subclaviae, near the middle of the clavicles, and run down for about a finger's breadth, behind the cartilages of the true ribs, an inch distant from the sternum. In their passage they send branches to the breasts, and to several of the adjacent parts; they afterwards go out of the thorax on one side of the appendix ensiformis, and are lost in the recti muscles of the abdomen.

Mammariae venae internae. The right springs from the vena cava, a little below the bifurcation, and runs with its corresponding artery along the internal edge of the sternum. The left springs from the subclavian, or from the axillary vein.

Mammea Americana

Lin. Sp. Pl. 731, the plant which affords the grateful salutary fruit, the mamme.


Or Mamillares Pro-cessus. See Temporum ossa.


The name of a bacciferous shrub in Brasil. The root is powerfully emetic and cathartic, and used on some occasions by the natives (see Raii Historia); but the plant is not found in modern systems.

Manatea Lapis

(From manati, the sea cow ) Trichecus manatus Lin. Syst. Natur. 60. The part of this animal which hath been used in medicine is the os petrosum of the head, which is of various forms, hard, and white, resembling a stone and ivory.


Hippomane mancinella Lin. Sp. Pl. 1431. The manchineal tree is as large as the oak; the juice of the bark, while fresh, is caustic; the fruit and leaves are equally so, though eaten by goats. The wood is sawed into planks, and brought into England 5 Z 2 as ornamental wood. It is of a dusky colour, with brown veins and yellow clouds. It is supposed that the shade of the manchineal tree, as well as the dew beneath it, is injurious; but this is fabulous. Dutour has often rested under its shade without feeling any bad effects; though he suspects, for reasons which he does not assign, that the air is unwholesome, and advises travellers not to seek shelter under it during a whole night. The Indians poison their arrows with its juice; and Valmont de Bomare mentions an experiment with an arrow, which had been dipped in this juice a hundred and forty years before; but a wound inflicted by it on a clog was soon fatal. See Raii Historia.