This section is from the book "The London Medical Dictionary", by Bartholomew Parr. Also available from Amazon: London Medical Dictionary.
(spotted like marble). See Acanthus.
(From to shine). Marble.
A calcareous stone, chiefly used for the carbonic acid gas it contains, employed in preparing the acidulous mineral waters. See Calx.
(From its hardness). See Calculus.
Such poisonous substances as are fatal in doses not exceeding the bulk of a grain of wheat.
The epithet of a cathartic extract originally made by Mindererus, in which marum and costus are ingredients, designed for discharging serous humours, but now neglected. Sec Pharmacopoeia Augustana.pillulae marocostinae Lemery and Bates.
A tall tree in Malabar, with leaves like those of the bay tree, and a fruit which contains an oily kernel. The oil expressed from the kernel is often medicinally used by the natives. (See Raii Historia.) It has been figured by Reed, in his plants of Malabar, vol. i. pl. 36, but has not been reduced to a place in any system.
Mars saccharatus, and solubilis. See Ferrum.
See Bonduch Indorum.
(From marsupium, because it is shaped like a purse). See Obturator externus and internus, and Gemini.
Martian's soldier's ointment. Ol. laur. f. lb iij. foliorum rutae, recent, lb ij. ss. majoranae lb ij. menthae lb i. salviae. ab-synth. communis, balsamitae maris et basici, aa lb ss. olei olivae, lbxx. cerae flavae Ib iv. vini Malagens, lb ij m. f. ungucntum. This was employed to preserve the limbs of soldiers from the injuries of cold in the camp.
Martianum pomum See Aurantia hispan.
Oleum perdeliquium, sal, tinctttra, and extractum. See Ferrum.
A form of opium used by the Turks.
And Maspetum. See Silphium.
See Argentum Vivum.
See Candela fumalis.
(From to eat ). Lateralis, manducator mansorius. The masse-ter muscle rises On each side from the cheek bone and the interior part of the zygomatic process of the os temporis; and is inserted into the whole length of the lower jaw, particularly the angle.
A species of bark mentioned by Ray, from a tree hitherto undescribed. It is gratefully fragrant and heating.
(From mastico, to chew,) manduca-tio; commanducatio. Mastication comminutes the parts of our food, and intimately combines it with the saliva and mucus of the mouth. Due mastication is essentially necessary to digestion; but it is doubtful whether any portion of our food is absorbed during this process; for every thing which has not passed through the operation of digestion seems to be injurious when mixed with the circulating fluids. V. Digestio.