Planning Public Convenience Stations 178

IF PUBLIC toilet accommodations are necessary in public and semi-public buildings where a large number of people congregate, how much more necessary are toilet accommodations or public comfort stations in city squares, public parks and other places which at times are congested by masses of people brought together by business or pleasure? Some idea of the necessity for public convenience stations in large cities may be gained by a statement of the number of people that avail themselves of the advantages thus offered in cities where stations have been erected. For instance, the number of people that visited the underground public convenience station at Thirteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C, during the month of August, 1907, was 86,500. Of those, 4,600 visited the station during one day - that being the greatest number for an open period - and 1,100 was the minimum number of people that visited the station during any one day. During the same month the public convenience station at Seventh Street and Pennsylvania Avenue in the same city had an attendance of 88,000, of which 4,300 attended on the maximum day and 1,600 on the minimum day. Of the people visiting both those stations about 12 per cent. were women. In other words, during that month of August 10,380 women visited the Thirteenth Street station and 10,560 women visited the Seventh Street station.

That the free use of public convenience stations is not confined to certain cities or localities, but is common to all, is evidenced by the attendance in other cities and in all quarters where such conveniences have been provided. In Brooklyn, during the months of January, February and March, 1908, 574,845 persons, or an average of almost 200,000 persons per month, made use of the public convenience station at Lorimer Street and Broadway. Many more instances could be cited and statistics could be multiplied to show by the number who use them the real necessity for such conveniences, but the truth is so self evident that further comment as to their advisability seems unnecessary.