Probably no name applied to any one form of dwelling has been more overworked in recent years than this. Houses of many gables, having two and often three stories, have been called bungalows,and at least two-thirds of the regulation cottages of to-day, for some reason not evident, are designated as such.

A House to be Properly Called a.

Plate LXV. A House to be Properly Called a Bungalow Should Possess Some, at Least, of the Characteristics of the Style.

The Thatched Roof must Give Way to the Shingle Roof.

PLATE F. The Thatched Roof must Give Way to the Shingle Roof for Sanitary and Other Reasons See Specifications, Chapter XXI (The Importance Of Working Specifications).

Architect, Frank H. Bis sell, New Tori.

A house, to be properly called a bungalow, should possess some, at least, of the marked characteristics of the style, such as a long roof line as nearly unbroken as is practical, wide eave extension, and the veranda included under the main roof, and the entrance should rightfully be into a central living-room, extending through the house.

The adoption of this style of house for all the-year-round homes, in many parts of the United States, has rendered a modification of some of these features essential. However, it seems an all-too-easy matter to so modify and change the plan as to leave but little of the real bungalow save the name.

The thatched roof must give way to the shingle roof for sanitary and other reasons. The wide veranda may be removed because too much of sunshine is shut out in our temperate climate in the cold season. The same climatic conditions render a small entrance hall or vestibule a desirable feature, and the great fireplace, at one end or side of the living-room, is one evolution which adds to the attraction of the room as built in this country. The hot-air register, or radiators for steam or hot water, may also be there to protect against the rigors of winter.

After all, the bungalow is a product of tropical conditions, and its transplantation to our climate is really a recommendation of the comfort of a one-story house, wherein the convenience of living and the ease of keeping house are emphasized at every turn. Its popularity is, therefore, easily accounted for.

A Studied Simplicity of Design and Detail.

Plate LXVI. A Studied Simplicity of Design and Detail.

The House Must Be of the Type Which Nestles Close to the Earth.

Plate LXVII. The House Must Be of the Type Which Nestles Close to the Earth.

There is, or should be, in the bungalow type of house, a studied simplicity of design and detail, a lack of pretense in the finish, the artistic and unaffected use of what may be termed common materials employed in its construction as an additional charm, and, in consequence of these, there exists the opportunity of exercising economy in building without detracting from its artistic effect or depreciating its value from the standpoint of convenience and utility.

Beautiful effects in natural or stained woods are usually observed in the interior finish of the best of such houses. The simple lines lend themselves pleasingly to a sturdy and quaint style of decoration which should be evinced also in the furnishings and fittings.

To secure the best results in the interior treatment of such a house, the standing woodwork should strike the color note for the whole.

If gray, brown, or green stain be used, the wall color should be selected to entirely harmonize with this, or form an agreeable contrast. For instance, in a living-room and adjoining diningroom where the standing woodwork is of ash, it might be given a weathered-oak stain and the walls painted in Flat-tone silver gray.

With Windows of the Casement Type.

Plate LXVIII. With Windows of the Casement Type.

A stencil frieze of flying pelicans in blue, gray, white, and black could be decoratively introduced.

The linen crash curtains at the windows should be in the natural gray, and show here and there a flying bird like those of the frieze. Rugs in dull old blue and gray shades and Craftsman furniture, upholstered in dark blue arras cloth, would suit such a room to perfection. Some interesting pieces of blue and white Hawthorne ware, or an occasional old Canton jar, would add to the scheme. The reading-table should be of generous dimensions and hold a lamp of Chinese porcelain with blue and yellow dragons upon it. The spreading shade should be of dull yellow silk. Under the lamp a square of old brocade in blue and yellow tones would complete the body of strong color contrast.

Between this room and the dining-room the opening should be so wide that they would practically appear one, though hung with curtains of blue arras cloth with white and gray pelicans sweeping across them. These curtains should slip readily on a brass rod, and be drawn close when required.

The woodwork of these rooms should be the same, and the walls of the dining-room painted the color of oatmeal in flat tone. Curtains of blue linen should hang over plain ones of ecru net. All curtains should reach only to the sill. A rug similar to the one in the living-room should be used here, and the floor in both rooms should receive the same stain and finish.

A strong color note could be introduced into the dining-room by filling the shelves of the built-in china closet with china showing color decorations in green, old red, and blue.

The Furnishing Should Conform to the Design of the House.

Plate LXIX. The Furnishing Should Conform to the Design of the House.

For the bedrooms of such a house daintier color effects should prevail. Floral ceilings or upper thirds to the painted walls might be used, and much of cretonne and chintz in the way of draperies and chair covers would look well.