Fig. 268. Oak Chairs. - Lancashire Type. - Height, 3 ft. 4 ins.; width, 1 ft. 7 ins.; Capt. The Hon. Richard Legh. depth, 1 ft. 3 ins. About 1670.
Fig. 269. Oak Chair. - Date about 1660.
Fig. 270. Oak Chair. - Date about 1670.
Fig. 273. Oak Lancashire Chairs. - Mid-seventeenth century.
Fig. 274. Capt. The Hon. Richard Legh.
Fig. 275. Oak Chair. - South-Western Type. - Height of chair, 3 ft.; height to seat, 16 ins. - Date about 1665. - H. Clifford Smith, Esq.
The Lancashire small chair of the same period is also unmistakable. The back is framed, with a cresting to the top rail between the uprights, and the back frame is filled with a solid panel, either chamfered and left plain, or carved. The character of this Lancashire carving can be illustrated much more easily than it can be described. Nine examples of these Lancashire chairs are given in Figs. 266 to 274. With the exception of Figs. 267, 268 and 273, all have the wide opening between the seat and the lower rail of the back, which characterises the Lancashire chair of this period. Fig. 275 is the south-western county example of the same early Restoration date. The front legs are turned in a sturdy manner, with as little waste of wood as possible, and the under-framing is still square-sectioned. The back is solidly panelled, with the lower rail finishing on the seat level. The carving is simple, merely a succession of single gouge-cuts, in character almost like chip-carving.
Fig. 277. Cherry Wood Stool.
Fig. 278. Oak Stool. - Height, 15 ins.; width, 15 ins. depth, 9 1/2 ins. - C. 1640.
Fig. 279. Oak Stool. - Height, 21 ins.; width, 18 ins.; depth, 11 ins. - C. 1630.
Fig. 280. Elm Stool. - Height, 20 ins.; width, 18 1/2 ins.; depth, 13 1/2 ins. - C. 1680. - C. 1660.
Fig. 281. Oak Stool (East Anglian).
Fig.1282. Oak Stool. - Height, 21 ins.; width, 18 ins.; depth, 10 ins. - C. 1630. - H. Clifford Smith, Esq.
Fig. 276 is a child's chair possessing both the oak and the walnut characteristics, in the bobbin-turning below the seat and the slide-rest-twisting above it. This example may be said to bridge the oak and the walnut periods, if the term can be used of two manners, which, at the end of the one and the beginning of the other, over-lapped by a period of nearly twenty years, and with it, we return again to the point arrived at in Fig. 239.
Of the seventeenth-century stools there is little to be said. They were made in considerable numbers, and were, in fact, the seats of their period, having the same importance which chairs possessed in the next century. One of the great distinctions between the furniture of the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries is that in the former the stool was general and the chair exceptional, whereas in the latter, the reverse is the case. The eighteenth-century stool is always in the nature of a supernumerary piece of furniture.