Light Stone

Tint white lead with French ochre and lamp black.

Lemon Yellow

This is also called lemon chrome, and is the palest shade of lemon chrome yellow. It is very useful for preparing the lighter shades of yellow, and may be imitated by adding cadmium yellow to zinc white.

Corn Yellow

Mix yellow and white in the proportion of about three parts of the former to one of the latter to get this light yellow shade.


Is made by tinting white lead with French ochre and chrome yellow. Or a mixture of white with four times the quantity of yellow will produce a shade of ma-nilla.


This is obtained by mixing a very little bright yellow with orange chrome.


Mix equal quantities of black and white. Add twice the bulk of orange chrome and a quantity of medium chrome equal to the mixture of black and white.


A dull yellow shade, which may be obtained by adding one part of orange and two of yellow to ten parts of black.

Middle Stone

Mix as described under Stone, but use more umber and ochre.

Naples Yellow

This yellow is not now much used, chrome yellow having to a large extent taken its place. It may be imitated by tinting zinc white with cadmium yellow and a very little yellow ochre.

Naples Yellow

This is obtained by mixing orange with twice as much yellow and three times as much white. It is also the name given to an artist's color.

Ochre Yellow

Mix orange and yellow in about equal proportions with a rather larger quantity of black.

Old Gold

Use middle chrome with a little vermilion and burnt sienna, and add a very little cobalt. A cheaper color may be made by mixing ochre and burnt sienna. One part of green and three of bright yellow mixed with a little white will give an old gold shade. Or it may be obtained in the same way as gold, but a little burnt umber may be added. Some painters prefer to tint white lead with a mixture of chrome, raw sienna and vermilion. White tinted with a little orange chrome and burnt umber also gives a good old gold tint.

Olive Yellow

This color is sometimes called olive brown. It is made by mixing three parts of burnt umber with one part of lemon chrome yellow, a larger quantity of yellow being added if a lighter shade is required. Another method is to mix ten parts of black, one of orange, twelve of yellow and five of green.


Mix white, yellow and orange in the following proportions: One part each of yellow and white and eighteen parts of orange. Or another shade is got with seventeen parts of orange, six of yellow and two of white. Orange chrome yellow can be easily purchased, however, and gives this color without any admixture being necessary.

Persian Orange

Mix fourteen parts of orange chrome, five parts of yellow ochre and one of white.

Pompeian Yellow

Tint white with Italian ochre and add a very little ultramarine and vermilion.

Portland Stone

Mix equal parts of yellow ochre and raw umber and lighten up with white until the desired tint is obtained.

Primrose Yellow

Lemon chrome used by itself answers admirably.


Ten parts of white, three parts of green and four parts of yellow will give this light greenish yellow. Another shade is got by mixing one part of orange, two parts of green and five parts of yellow.

Spruce Yellow

Add a little Venetian red to a mixture of French ochre and white lead.


This color, so much used, is usually made by mixing together five parts of white lead, two parts of French yellow ochre and one part of burnt umber. By adding a little raw umber, the tint may be varied as desired. This color is suitable for outside work. Another method for obtaining the shade is to tint white with medium chrome yellow and burnt umber.

Straw Color

Lemon chrome mixed with raw umber.


White lead tinted with a little chrome yellow produces an excellent straw tint, but some prefer to add a little French ochre. Or medium chrome yellow may be used as a base, and a mixture added of white, French ochre and Venetian red.

Yellow Lake

This is a somewhat fugitive color which has but little body, but is useful for glazing. To imitate it use equal parts of burnt umber and white lead and tint with chrome yellow and lake. Or, mix umber and white in equal proportions and add Naples yellow and scarlet lake. To obtain this color in its full richness it is quite necessary to glaze either admixture with yellow lake.

Yellow Ochre

The ochres are natural mineral pigments, which are among the cheapest and most useful at the command of house painters. They can be used in any vehicle and are quite permanent, while they do not affect any other color with which they may be used.

Zinc Yellow

This is a chromate of zinc which is quite fast in light, and possesses the advantage of permanence even in the presence of impure sulphuretted hydrogen. It may be mixed with other colors, without adversely affecting them.