Corner Brace Blocks

These blocks are to be fastened on the inside of the railing with glue and wood screws. This operation must be carefully done to avoid spreading and damaging the joints at the corner. If this is carefully done, the framework will present a very solid corner into which the mortises are to be cut to receive the tenons of the legs. Lay out and cut these mortises.

The Base Pieces

Square the stock for the base pieces. Lay them out the desired shape, saw them out with the compass saw, and carefully finish with a wood file. This portion of the work must be accurately done, and edges must be left perfectly square and smooth. Lay out and cut the mortises for the legs; be sure to make them the same distance apart as the mortises in the top rail. Lay out and cut the mortise for the stretcher.

The Stretcher

Square the stock, lay out and make the stretcher according to the drawing. (Be careful to cut it long enough to allow for the tenon at each end). Lay out and make the tenon on each end to suit the corresponding mortises in the leg bases.


Glue all of the tenons in their proper mortises; make sure that all angles are perfectly square; test frequently with the square. Clamp securely in such a way as to bind all joints. Remove all surplus glue.

Putting on the top might be left until the glue is thoroughly hardened and the clamps removed. Resurface the top and cut the shape and dimensions shown in the drawing. Make sure that all the edges are perfectly square. The top is to be fastened to the rails by screws from the under side, as shown in the drawing; make sure that it projects evenly on all sides; use enough screws to bind it firmly to the rail.

The Trim

The small trim strips are to be fastened to the lower edge of the rail. They are to be made even with the rail; however, if let down a very small fraction of an inch they will hide the leg joints. Miter these strips at the corners; fasten them in position with brads and glue.


With a sharp steel scraper refinish the entire surface of the piano bench. Remove all pencil and tool marks. Smooth with fine sandpaper. Give special attention to smoothing all places where end grain is exposed.

Optional and Home Projects Employing Similar Principles.


1. Suggestion No. 1 presents an idea of bench construction which is particularly suitable for an ottoman. It may be upholstered with leather, tapestry, or some other suitable material.

Craftsman Piano Bench

2. Suggestion No. 2 presents a general idea for a craftsman piano bench. A number of modifications are possible in a design of this sort. Care must be exercised to avoid rude and clumsy appearance in any of the craftsman or mission designs.