Determining Length Of Hip Or Valley Rafter. First Method: If a table of unit lengths of hip or valley per foot of run of common rafter is available, Fig. 60, the total rafter length may be determined by multiplying the unit of hip or valley rafter length per foot of run of common rafter by the total run of common rafter. Do not make the mistake of trying to multiply by the run of the hip or valley rafter. Remember that these tables are all worked out with the 12" run of the common rafter as the base. This is true no matter whether the house is four sided, eight sided, or any other number of sides. The respective tables are based in every case upon 12" run of the common rafter.

Measurements for lengths of hip or valley are to be made along the top edge of the stock beginning at the line for side cut and midway between the point and heel, Fig. 61.

Second Method: This method of determining length of a hip or valley rafter is not unlike the second method described for the common rafter. Here, the numbers are 17 on the tongue, and the rise per foot of run of roof or of common rafter, on the blade. The end and seat cuts are scribed, after which the square is advanced step by step, using these same numbers, as many times as there are feet of run of common rafter. Should there be a fraction of a foot in the run of common rafter an additional and proportional advancement must be made. For example, to frame a hip for a square roof of ¼ pitch, having a run of common rafter of 12' 7". Advance the framing square 12 times, using 17" on the tongue and 6"on the blade. For the fractional advance take 7/12 of 17" or 9 11/12" (the framing square is laid off in twelfths on one side) on the tongue and 7/12 of 6" or 3½" on the blade, and scribe the limit. Fractional foot length of tail will be determined in a similar manner, the run or horizontal extension, or the lookout, of the common rafter determining the number of times the square must be advanced using 17" and 6" for the above given pitch.