This is an excellent piece of form work which may be made from straight-grained spruce, maple or ash, the first being found the best for school work. The length of the paddle should be determined by the height of the user. A bow paddle should usually be shorter than a stern paddle. The dimensions given have been found good for general work. If necessary accuracy of measurement should be sacrificed to good curves. The plan should be carefully drawn on the broad surface and cut; then the elevation should be made. The blade should be planed out while the handle is square. It has been found convenient to have one or more old-style wooden planes with their bottoms planed off to fit the shape of the paddle, and the irons ground to suit the bottoms, for working out around the rib on the blade, but this is not necessary as it can be done with the gouge, spoke-shave and plane.