The discoverers end exponents of Phrenology were two German scientists: Franz Joseph Gall, born in the Grand Duchy of Baden, March 9, 1758, who began lecturing on craniology in Vienna in 1796, meeting with great opposition and even persecution on account of his belief in the influence of the brain upon the contours of the skull. He died in 1828. His pupil and associate, Johann Caspar Spursheim, was born at Longrich on the Moselle, December 31, 1776. Their first great book, Anato-mie et Physiologie du Systène Nerveux el du Cerveau en Particulier, came out in Paris in 1810-19; later, Spurzheim, who had settled in London, published The Physiognomical System of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim, based on an anatomical and physiological examination of the Nervous System and the Brain in Particular (London: 1814).

In 1835 W, Lewis translated from the French Dr. Gall's classical work on the subject: On the Functions of the Brain and of Each of its Parts (6 vols).


Part Sixth Phrenology And Palmistry Compared 1165

Phrenology needs no defender; its discoverers and their many worthy continu-ators have conquered for it the full and respectful consideration to which it is entitled. Their success in that direction Is a pleasant, reassuring omen as to what awaits, within a few short years, orthodox, honest, accurate Palmistry. It is enough to say that the scientific world has finally given a verdict - not unanimous, but widely endorsed - in favor of the verity of Phrenology, both in theory and in practice. In these pages we have not to undertake to present any plea in its behalf. But we are glad to assist in its triumph by demonstrating how accurately Palmistic markings '"dovetail" - if I may use such homely languages - with Phrenological revelations. Desbarrolles, whose broad mind embraced every element of truth and caused it to do its work in the good cause, has gathered thousands of observations that guarantee the correctness of this series of comparative statements, I have simply given them, after personal revision,the succinct form acceptable to English-speaking readers, I propose to do so later with the indications of Physiognomy - the admirable science that sprang, full-armed, from the brain of Lavater. And finally Graphology, or the Reading of human nature through handwriting, will also be called upon to confirm the statements solidly established on the triple foundation of Palmistry, Phrenology, Physiognomy.

The disciples of Desbarrolles, believing, as he did himself so thoroughly, that Phrenology - although of comparatively recent date - verifies every one of the principles laid down by the ancient and modern Chiromants or Palmists, follow their master in his very simple examination of phrenological signs, using not their fingers, but their eyes, to discover the more or less prominence of this or that organ. Touch is not indispensabte to locate 26 out of the 36 Functions or Faculties, recognized by the founders of Phrenology, Messrs, Gall and Spurzheim. The following ten organs, however, can not be surveyed without the help of the fingers:

Phrenology And Palmistry Compared

Phrenology And Palmistry Compared.

(1) Amativeness,

(2) Parental Love,

(3) Inhabitiveness.

(4) Friendship.

These four occupy the back part of the head. Laterally placed are: (12) Cautiousness,

(16) Conscientiousness,

(17) Hope, and behind the ears are located:

(5) Combativeness,

(6) Destmctiveness,

(7) Secretiveness.

It is quite reassuring, however, to know that the ten organs thus hidden from the view are all so clearly represented in the hands that the qualities or defects they represent are available even at a cursory glance.

I will now proceed to give clear equivalents - or corresponding marks in the hands - for almost every one of the 36 organs recognized by the fathers of Phrenology: there are only five among them that are not fully represented in the hands.