Possessor of the great Power of creating, preserving and withdrawing.

1 Mashehi'

Durgarama Siddhanta vagisha is of opinion that by the use of Kadachit it is meant that unlike other religious Karma which can be done only in a state of purity (Shuchi), Japa of the Mantra of Ka!t can be done at any time whether one is in a state of purity or not (Shauchashaucha-kala). Here he says one should not give up the worship if there be a birth or death in the house. The Tantra Shastra says that one should do Japa of the Mantra, whether one is in the state of purity or not, and whether walking, standing or sleeping.

' At any time'

'(Kadachit)

Miditate upon.

' Recite ' (Japati)

Having the dual aspect of Shiva-shakti. The Tantra Shastra speaks of the King of Mantras being generated by the union of Shiva and Shakti.

' Of dual aspect' (Dvandvam)

Thy causal (Karana) aspect which is the Bija Hum. In the Yamala it is said, 'It is with the double Shabdabija (which is Hum) that She awakens the mass of Shabda.'

' Another Bija' (Bijamanyat)

Is Ishvara. Kathopanishad says, 'Purusha is the size of only a thumb. He is like smokeless fire, the Ishana of what has been and will be. He is to-day and He is to-morrow. This is That.' Indu is immortality. Vamashravana is the power of granting speech and of attracting forms (Rupa). The Tantra-bhidana says, 'U is Bhairava, subtle, Sarasvati . . . attractor of forms.'

' Ishana'

1 Vishvasara (K.B.).

2 Brihaspati, Guru of the Devas.

3 Dhanada, i.e. Kuvera, Lord of Wealth, King of the Yakshas; according to one account the son, and, according to another, the grandson of Pulastya (see Muir, O.S., T. iv.. 481, 488; v. 483 ; i, 492).

4 That is, to them are given eloquence and learning, riches and beauty.

Dost bear the half-moon ' [Chandrard-dhachude) ' Earrings'

Who dost grant Nirvana liberation. The Mahanirvana Tantra says, 'The forehead of Her who is Nitya, Kalarupa, Arupa, and Shiva Himself is marked with the moon on account of immortality.'

(Mahaghora-bilavatangse)

Whose earrings (things very dear) ore formed of two Sadhakas who are like Maheshvara and simple as boys; that is child-like simple Sadhakas who have true knowledge are dear to Her. In the Vivekachudamani it is said, 'Just as a boy plays with toys heedless of hunger and other pain so the wise man plays happy, unattached and selfless.' Such a Sadhaka attains all forms of knowledge and riches and can charm the whole world.

There is however another reading given by Durgarama Siddhantavagisha namely Mahaghoravanavatangse, that is whose earrings are formed of frightful arrows (Vana).

0 Kalika, 0 auspicious Kalika' with dishevelled hair,2 from the comers of whose mouth two streams of blood trickle,3 they

Notes

1 The Devi. See Mahanirvana Tantra, chap. xiii. and chap, iv, verse 31 : 'At the dissolution of things it is Kala who will devour all, and by reason of this He is called Mahakala; and since Thou devourest

Mahakala Himself, it is Thou who art the supreme primordial Kalika '.

Kalika is Brahmarupini (V)

2 Vigalitachikura, as is the worshipped nayika. See post.

3 Srikkadvandvasradharadvayadharavadane. Kali is so represented as having devoured the flesh of the demons. The Mahanirvana Tantra, chap, xiii, verse 9, says: ' As She devours all existence, as She chews all things existing with Her fierce teeth, therefore, a mass of blood is imagined to be the apparel of the Queen of the Devas.' Esoterically blood is Rajas Guna, who recite another doubled Bija of Thine oomposed of Isha,1 Vaishvanara2 Vamanetra,3 and the lustrous Bindu 4 destroy all their enemies, an 1 bring under their subjection the three worlds.5