Of us all including Brahma, Vishnu, and Rudra. In the Devi Sukta, Vishnu says, 'One, subtle, and unchanged, and yet many, Thou dost give birth to millions of worlds. Who am I Vishnu, and who is the other Shiva and who are the Devas that we and they should be able to (fully) sing Thy praises?' In the Markandeya Purana, Brahma says, 'When Vishnu, Ishvara and myself owe our appearance to Thee who has the power to (fitly) praise Thee?' In Vishnuyamala, Vishnu says to Devi 'Oh Mother, none know Thy supreme aspect. The heavenly ones therefore worship that gross (Sthula) aspect of Thine in the form of Kail and the rest.' The Mahakala-samhita say, 'When Dhata was not, nor Vishnu, nor Kala, when the five Bhutas were not, then Thou the Cause wast alone as the Supreme Brahman, the Being of all that is.'


She is not limited by the Gunas and is Nirguna.

(Asite) ' Unlimited'

If by night,2 Thy devotee3 unclothed, with dishevelled hair,


1 As one does not become angry with animals (Pashu or animal and ignorant men also called Pashu) because they do wrong, so do not be angry with us. It is, moreover, the part of the great to overlook the faults of their inferiors (Commentator K. B.).

2 Naktam. At dead of night. The Fetkarini Tantra says, 'By night, naked with dishevelled hair in union with Shakti, by him is all Siddhi gained'. The Kalikrama says, ' The Pashu devoted to his own Achdra should recite his Mantra a lakh of times by day. The Vira or Divya should recite it a lakh of times by night. Kubjika Tantra says, ' Such as are in Pashubhava are but Pashas. They should not touch a rosary nor recite Mantra by night.' (V)

3Bhaktah. Here a Vira Sadhaka. Niruttara Tantra says, 'The recites whilst meditating on Thee,1 Thy mantra2 when with his Shakti3 youthful, full-breasted, and heavy-hipped, such an one makes all powers subject to him, and dwells on the earth ever 4 a seer.5