Laya Yoga is here described in this and following verses. Gheranda Sam-ita says, 'One should become Shaktimaya by doing Yoni Mudra. One should be in Paramatma with sweet Shrirhgararasa (love sentiment) and being Blissful (Anandamaya) should unite with Brahman.' The Goraksha Samhita says, ' Raising the Shakti with the Jiva to the Lotus in the head one should become Shaktimaya and uniting with Shiva should think of all forms of happiness and enjoyment.' The Tantra Kalpadruma says, 'One should meditate on Devi Kundalini as Ishtadevata, ever youthful, of the age of sixteen, full-breasted, dark, subtle, appearing as creation and in the form of creation, maintenance and dissolution (Srishtisthitilayatmika).'

Mantrin who has received Abhisheka should do Kulapuja. Oh Devi the Mantra of Kali does not become Siddha without Kulachara.' (V)

1 Tvang dhyayan. Mentally seeing Thee in his heart as ever in the Enjoyment of union with Mahakala. (V)

2 Thy Mantra is the aforesaid great Mantra. (V)

3 He is Ratasakta, the meaning of which is as follows: Sa man-tram japati yada sa shobhanamgapratyamgashalinya manoharinya yuvatya shaktya saha maithunasakto bhavati. Whilst in union (Mai-thuna) the mind must be concentrated on Devi Kali and japa must be done of Her Mahdmantra. The devotee should not think of aught else-

4So also Fetkarini Tantra (ch. x) says:

'Ratrau nagnah shayanash cha maithune cha vyavasthitah, Athava muktakeshash cha tena syuh sarvvasiddhayah Stambhanam mohanang chaiva vashikaranam eva cha. Here Athava means if the Sddhaka is without a Shakti; then recitation of mantra with dishevelled hair gives the same siddhi.

5 Kavi which has not here the limited sense of ' Poet.'

Here the Divya Sadhaka who is a Yogin.

'Thy devotee' (Bhaktah)

That is, awaking in Brahmavidya which (though Light) is darkness for all ordinary creatures. The Bhagavadgita says, 'The self-controlled man awakes in what is night to all creatures.'

By night (Naktam)

That is, stripped of the covering of Maya : that is awakened.

'Naked' (Vivasah)

That is, with mind free from all restlessness. The word Chikura means both hair and restless.

' Dishevelled hair' (Galitachikurah)

On Thee as in enjoyment of Samarasya bliss with Parama-shiva.

'Meditating' (Dhyayan)

By doing Laya of (merging) the Jivatma in KundalinI Shakti, the ever-youthful, all-pervading Genetrix and Preserver of all Jivas. The creative and nourishing function of Kundalini is indicated by the epithets 'heavy-hipped' and 'full-breasted.'

Enjoying (Ratasaktam)

0 Spouse of Hara,1 should (a Sadhaka) daily 2 recite Thy mantra for the space of a year meditating the while3 with knowledge of its meaning 4 Upon Thee intent5 upon Thy union 6 with the great Mahakala, above whom Thou art,1 then such a knower3 has every pleasure that he wills upon the earth,3 and holds all great powers4 in the grasp of his lotus-like hands.

Notes

1 Shiva.

2 Sadd: Means ' always ' here ' daily' (K.B.)

3 Vichintya, that is, who has mentally thought of the letters of the Bija and their meaning, which is mental japa (Manasa japa), defined in Narasimha Purana (cited in the Ahnikacharatattva of Raghunandana) as the repetition in the mind, letter by letter, syliable by syllable, of the mantra, meditating at the same time upon its meaning.

4 That is upon Varna-samsthana or placing of the letters and their meaning and so forth.

5 SusthibhiUja - that is, whose senses are not directed to any other object (Commentary, K.B.)

6 Atishayamahakalasuratam.