This section is from the book "Frank Forrester's Fishermens' Guide", by Frank Forrester.
This fish is very plentiful in the Harlem river, New York city, and is also taken in some of the Long Island ponds, as well as in the Hudson river, in the Schuylkill, and in many of the streams of Connecticut. It probably frequents other soft water streams and lakes, though we are not well enough acquainted with its haunts to give any definite information. It moves in schools, and when in the mood will dart at the bait in the liveliest manner, sometimes springing entirely out of the water when seeing it. The tackle to be used for this fish is about the tame as that used for the yellow perch, and the bait is the small minnow, or the Killy, or shiner, though worms are sometimes used. The hooks should be Nos. 1 to 3 trout. They bite most readily early in the morning in shallow water near the shore, but are often taken at mid-day on bars near to deep water. At sundown the white perch may be found on the sunny side of the stream, or lake, and will then bite with the same eagerness as in the morning. His bite is different from that of the ordinary yellow perch, as when he gets hold of the bait he drags the float under and keeps it there. When fishing from a boat, the best way is to drift along down the stream, throwing your hook in every nook and corner; and where you once get a bite, anchor your boat, and fish as long as you have luck. You may be quite as fortunate by rowing up the stream and trying the same process over again. This fish always prefers Sunshine to shade.