This section is from the book "Fishing: When, Where, And How To Fish Without Live Bait", by William Tweedie. Also available from Amazon: Fishing: When, Where And How To Fish Without Live Bait.
The perch is in good condition in August, but will be better in September and October. You may easily know the perch by the spines on his back, and take care they do not run into your hands if you happen to catch one. Many fish for perch with a float, and this is good in lakes or still water; but a paternoster is better -that is, a bullet or heavy piece of lead at the end of the line, allowed to touch the ground, and the hooks, two or three, at intervals of a foot from each other above the lead; hold the rod so that the line shall be tight; you will then feel that peculiar bite of the perch - twit, twit, twit, in rapid succession - so well-known to the angler, and you may hook your fish, and pull him out immediately. Where you take one, you may catch many more; they go in flocks. When a boy, we pulled up nearly twenty, as fast as we could drop the line in the same place.
The large red garden-worm, commonly called a lob, or dew-worm, is the best bait. Gather them, and put them in clean moss; pour a little milk over them - a smart blow will kill them - and then they are fit for use. You may also use fine shreds of lean raw beef or mutton, threaded upon the hook.