(p) Re Keighley Maxsted, 1893, 1 Q. B. 405; 62 L. J. Q. B. 105, where material evidence was subsequently discovered; Re Montgomery, Jones & L. Co., (1898) 78 L. T. 406; and see Re Stringer and Riley, 1901, 1 K. B. 105; 70 L. J. K. B. 19.

(q) Re Bare Valley R. Co., sup.

(r) Duke of Buccleuch v. Metrop. Board, (1872) L. R. 5 H. L. 418; 41 L. J. Ex. 137; O'rourke v. Cotnmrs. for Rlys., (1890) 15 A. C. 371; 59 L. J. P. C. 72; and see Falkingham v. Victorian Rlys. Commr., 1900, A. C. 452; 69 L. J. P. C. 89; Bourgeois v. Weddell & Co., 1924, 1 K. B. 539.

(s) Wade v. Dowling, (1854) 4 E. & B. 44; 23 L. J. Q. B. 302; and see Bads v. Williams, (1854) 4 D. M. & G. 674, 684, 688.

In cases of arbitration under the L. C. C. Act, 1845, the umpire (y) may under s. 31 be appointed by the arbitrators (z), after the expiration of the time within which they are themselves competent to make an award (a): if they cannot agree upon an umpire, and the time allowed to the Board of Trade (b) for appointing one has expired, the landowner is entitled to an assessment by jury, and may enforce his right by mandamus (c). But where two arbitrators have been appointed, and one refuses to appoint an umpire, or to act, the other may proceed ex parte to make an award, without a previous application to the Board of Trade (d). The umpire, if appointed, may make his award at any time within three months after the duty devolves upon him (e): it need not assess different sums for the price of land and for damage by severance (f); but it must not determine the one point and leave the other undecided (g): nor can it be set aside on the ground of its being contrary to evidence (h): though this relief has been afforded chiefly on the ground of an omission to allow one of the parties an opportunity of producing further evidence (i). The company are bound at their own expense to take up the award, and furnish a copy to the landowner (k). Where, land having been taken under s. 68, the landowner gives notice of his claim, exceeding 50l., and of his desire to have compensation assessed by a jury, he is not entitled to a notice from the company of their intention to issue a warrant to summon a jury (l).

How umpire is to be appointed.

(t) See Wycombe B. Co. v. Donnington Hospital, (1866) 1 Ch. 268; Bridgend Gas Co. v. Dunraven, (1885) 31 Ch. D. 219; 55 L. J. Ch. 91; and see Peters v. Lewes, etc. B. Co., (1881) 18 Ch. D. 429; 50 L. J. Ch. 172, 839; Langham v. G. N. B. Co., (1847) 16 L. J. Ch. 437, 440.

(u) Stone v. Mayor of Yeovil, (1876) 2 C. P. D. 99; 46 L. J. C. P. 137; and see this case as to the meaning of "such lands."

(x) See Wolst. & Cherry, 11th ed. vol. i. p. 117; see also L. P. Act, 1925, a. 7 (3) and s. 42 (7).

(y) The umpire's declaration under s. 33 need not be taken, etc. before a justice of the particular locality in which the lands are situate; Be Davies and S. Staff. B. Co., (1851) 2 Pract. R. 599.

(z) See as to the appointment by one party of an arbitrator to act for both parties, Bradley v. L. & N. W. B. Co., (1851) 5 Ex. 769; 20 L. J. Ex. 3. An arbitrator ought not to be in the personal interest of the party appointing him; see Be Elliot, (1848) 2 De G. & S. 17; Be Clout, (1862) 46 L. T. 141; cf. Be Haigh, 1896, 1 Q. B. 649; 65 L. J. Q. B. 511, as to impartiality of an umpire. As to time for application to set aside award, see R. S. C. 1883, Ord. LXIV. r. 14, in Ann. Pr.

(a) Be Bradshaw, (1848) 12 Q. B. 562; 17 L. J. Q. B. 362.

(b) See ss. 23, 28.

(c) Be South Yorkshire, etc. B. Co., (1849) 18 L. J. Q. B. 333.

(d) Shepherd v. Norwich Corp., (1885) 30 Ch. D. 553; 54 L. J. Ch. 1050; sed queere.

On a sale the amount of the purchase-money originally fixed or subsequently ascertained to be payable, may in the several ways hereinafter noticed be increased or diminished.

Increase or diminution of purchase-money.

(e) Re Bradshaw, sup.; Skerratt v. N. Staff. R. Co., (1848) 2 Ph. 476; 17 L. J. Ch. 161. The three months within which the umpire must make his award date from his actual appointment, and not from the expiration of the awarding power of the arbitrators; Re Pullen and Liverpool Corp., (1882) 51 L. J. Q. B. 285.

(f) Re Bradshaw, sup. So in cases where the amount is assessed by a jury; Corrigal v. L. & Blackwall R. Co., (1843) 5 Man. & G. 219; 12 L. J. C. P. 209; Re London and Greenwich R. Co., (1835) 2 A. & E. 678; 4 L. J. N. S. K. B. 103; Cobb v. Mid Wales R. Co., (1866) L. R. 1 Q. B. 342. As to an omission to specify the interests of the claimants in the land, Re N. Staff. R. Co., (1848) 2 Ex. 235. As to other cases of doubtful or bad awards under the Act, Re Wilts & Somerset R. Co..

(1849) 3 Ex. 728; Lindsay v. Direct London & Portsmouth R. Co.,

(1850) 1 Pract. R. 529; Bradley v. L. & N. W. R. Co., (1851) 5 Ex. 769; 20 L. J. Ex. 3; Re N. Staff. R. Co., (1848) 6 R. C. 25; Re Dare Valley R. Co., (1869) 4 Ch. 554.

(g) Wakefield v. Llanelly R. Co., (1865) 3 D. J. & S. 11; and as to the finality of an award where one of the points referred is not specifically disposed of, see Jewell v. Christie, (1867) L. R. 2 C. P. 296; 36 L. J. C. P. 168.

(h) Re Bradshaw, (1848) 12 Q. B. 562; 17 L. J. Q. B. 362.

(i) Re Hawley, (1848) 2 De G. & S. 33, 48.

(k) Railstone v. York R. Co., (1850) 15 Q. B. 404; 19 L. J. Q. B. 464; Burnard v. Wainwright, (1850) 19 L. J. Q. B. 423; L. & N. W. R. Co. v. Walker, 1900, A. C. 109; 69 L. J. Q. B. 367.

(t) R. v. South Devon R. Co., (1851) 15 Q. B. 1043; 20 L. J. Q. B. 145.

The most ordinary mode of increase is by the accrual of interest: as respects which, it will be convenient to consider, first, those cases where there is no special agreement as to interest; in such cases, interest, when payable, is payable at Law at such rate, not exceeding 51. per cent., as may be allowed by the jury(m); and in Equity now, the rate of interest allowed is generally 4 per cent. per annum (n).