A description by metes and bounds is usually found in the cities. Metes - measures, and bounds - direction, make possible a description of such accuracy as is requisite in locations where land is of considerable value, and boundaries must be definitely fixed. Suppose upon the following diagram the realty to be sold is the lot X. A description of this lot would read "Beginning at a point on the southerly side of Kent Street, 100 feet easterly from the corner formed by the intersection of the southerly side of Kent Street and the easterly side of Broadway; thence southerly parallel to Broadway 100 feet, thence easterly parallel to Kent Street 20 feet, thence northerly parallel to Broadway 100 feet to the southerly side of Kent Street, and thence westerly along the southerly side of Kent Street, 20 feet to the point or place of beginning." That gives an exact description, each side being meted, i.e., measured in feet and bounded i.e., direction indicated. It is most import in such a description that the point of beginning be carefully identified to avoid uncertainty of location. The entire description is worthless if there is an error in the starting-point.
The property just described is what is known as a regular lot; that is the front and rear dimensions are the same, also the sides, and the angles formed are right angles or nearly so. Many times it is necessary to draw a description of an "irregular lot," such for example as the southerly triangular lot shown on the following diagram.
A description of this irregular lot would read as follows: Beginning at a point on the northerly side of East 230th Street, 200 feet easterly from the corner formed by the intersection of the easterly side of Bronxwood Avenue and the northerly side of East 230th Street, running thence northerly and parallel to Bronxwood Avenue, 110 and 2-100 feet, thence easterly parallel to East 230th Street, 88 and 50-100 reet; thence southwesterly, 138 and 91-100 feet to a point on the northerly side of East 230th Street, which point is 3 and 70-100 feet easterly from the point or place of beginning, and thence westerly along the northerly side of East 230th Street, 3 and 70-100 feet to the point or place of beginning. Monuments. - Outside the populous districts the description by monuments is most often found. There are but few highways and little necessity for exact measurements. A farm for example is shown.
This farm may be described without mention of metes or bounds as follows: The farm of John Robinson at Pleasant ville Westchester County, N. Y., bounded and described as follows: Beginning at the dock on Indian Creek at the foot of Dock Road, thence along Dock Road to the point where said road is met by the fence dividing the farms of (the seller) and Jones, thence along said fence to the side of Indian Creek, and thence along said Indian Creek to the Dock, the point of beginning.