Athens, a S. E. county of Ohio, on the Ohio river; area, 430 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 23,768. It has railroad communication with Marietta, Columbus, and Cincinnati. The surface is well wooded and extremely fertile, and abounds in i;-on ore and coal; and large quantities of salt are manufactured throughout the county. The Hocking river intersects the county, and the Hocking canal extends from its centre to the Ohio canal. In 1870 the county produced 133,745 bushels of wheat, 96,012 of oats, 619,-447 of Indian corn, 78,721 of potatoes, 23,239 tons of hay, 207,839 lbs. of tobacco, 513,864 of butter, and 201,593 of wool. There were 57,399 sheep and 15,097 hogs. Capital, Athens, on Hocking river and the Marietta and Cincinnati and Hocking Valley railroads, 70 m. S. E. of Columbus.

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Athens, a city, capital of Clarke county, Ga., on the Oconee river, at the end of the Athens branch of the Georgia railroad; pop. in 1860, 3,848, of whom 1,893 were colored; in 1870, 4,251, of whom 1,967 were colored. It is the centre of a large cotton-growing region, and has several cotton factories. The university of Georgia, a state institution founded in 1801, is situated here. In 1868 it had 5 instructors, 76 students, 256 alumni, and a library of 7,500 volumes. The law department had 4 professors and 14 students. The city has three weekly newspapers, besides two periodicals.