Auchmuty. I. Robert, an American lawyer, born probably in England, died in Boston in April, 1750. He was of Scotch descent, settled at Boston early in the 18th century, attained a high position in his profession, and was appointed judge of the court of admiralty in 1733. In 1741 he was in England as agent for the colony, and published there a pamphlet entitled "The Importance of Cape Breton to the British Nation, and a Plan for Taking the Place." II Robert, son of the preceding, died in London in 1788. He was distinguished as an advocate and jury lawyer at Boston, and in 1767 was appointed judge of the court of admiralty, which office he exercised as long as the royal authority was recognized; but in 1776, being a zealous tory, he went to England. He was associated with John Adams in the defence of Capt. Preston. III Samuel, an American clergyman, brother of the preceding, born in Boston, Jan. 26, 1722, died in New York, March 6, 1777. He graduated at Harvard college in 1742, and went to England to study for holy orders. After his ordination he was appointed by the society for the propagation of the gospel an assistant minister of Trinity church, New York, and in 1764 succeeded to the charge of all the churches in the city.
When the American troops took possession of New York in 1775, he was forbidden by Lord Stirling to read the prayer for the king; but he persisted in doing so, although his church was entered by a company of soldiers with drums beating and with the threat of pulling him out of the pulpit. He then shut up the church and chapels and took the keys with him to New Jersey, leaving orders that the churches should not be opened until the liturgy could be read without interruption. New York being again in the British possession, he attempted to return, and succeeded after great hardships only to find his church and parsonage burnt, and his papers and the records of the church destroyed. The next Sunday he preached for the last time in St. Paul's. The various trials he had undergone brought on an illness which carried him off in a few days. IV. Sir Samuel, a British general, son of the preceding, born in New York, June 22, 1758, died in Dublin, Aug. 11, 1822. He graduated at Columbia college in 1775, and the next year entered the army under Sir William Howe, and took part in three campaigns.
From 1783 to 1796 he served in India, and was at the siege of Seringapatam in command of a company under Lord Cornwallis. He was adjutant general in the expedition to Egypt in 1800. In 1806 he took command of the troops ordered to South America, with the rank of brigadier general, and in 1807 carried the strongly fortified city of Montevideo by assault. On his return he was made lieutenant general. In 1810 he was commander-in-chief in the Carnatic, and in 1811 took possession of the Dutch colonies of Java and Sumatra. On his return to Europe in 1813 he was appointed commander of the forces in Ireland.