Baragiey D'Hilliers. I. Lonis, a French general, born in Paris, Aug. 13, 1764, died in Berlin in December, 1812. At the beginning of the French revolution he was lieutenant in the regiment of Alsace, was appointed brigadier general in 1793, and chosen by Custine as the head of his staff. His fidelity to that unfortunate chief led to his imprisonment, but he was liberated after the 9th Thermidor. He served under Napoleon during his first two campaigns in Italy, and was promoted to the rank of division general. He distinguished himself at Stuttgart and Elchingen and on the frontiers of Bohemia, was governor of Friuli in 1806, of Venice in 1808, and participated in the victory of Raab won by Eugene Beauharnais over the Austrians in June, 1809. During the following two years he served in Spain. In 1812 he was put in command of a division of the grand army against Russia, and was captured with nearly all his forces by the enemy. A court of inquiry was ordered by Napoleon, at which he was so aggrieved that he fell sick and died before he reached France. II. Achille, marshal of France, son of the preceding, born Sept. 6, 1795. He served as second lieutenant during the Russian campaign, became in 1813 aide-de-camp to Marshal Marmont, and at the battle of Leipsic had his left hand carried away by a cannon ball.

He was a captain on the fall of the empire, though not yet 20 years old. Adhering to the restored Bourbons, he entered the royal guards, served in Spain and Algeria, became second in command at the military school of St. Cyr in 1832, and afterward principal, a position which he held till 1840. For some years thereafter he served with some distinction in Algeria and became a general. Returning to France in 1847, he was appointed inspector general of infantry. After the outbreak of the revolution of 1848, he was appointed chief of the second division of the army near the Alps. He was elected to the constituent assembly from the department of Doubs, and joined the party of reaction. In 1849 he went to Rome as commander-in-chief of the army sent to sustain the authority of the pope, and in 1851 was put in command of the army of Paris in place of Gen. Changar-nier, whom Napoleon distrusted. He favored the coup d'etat, and was made a member of the consultative commission. In the Crimean war he commanded the expedition to the Baltic, and on his return was made a marshal and became one of the vice presidents of the senate.

He commanded the first army corps in the Italian campaign of 1859, and took a prominent part in the battle of Solferino. In 1863 he was in command of the camp at Chalons, and shortly after the outbreak of the war of 1870 was for a few days military governor of Paris.