Bastian, H. Char!ton, an English physician and physiologist, born at Truro, April 26, 1837. After a brilliant course of study he was admitted member of the royal college of surgeons in 1860, in 1860-'63 was assistant curator in the anatomical and pathological museum of University college, London, and in 1864-'6 assistant medical officer to the Broadmoor criminal lunatic asylum. In 1866 he became assistant physician and lecturer in St. Mary's hospital; in 1867, professor of pathological anatomy in University college, and assistant physician to the hospital; in 1868, assistant physician to the hospital for the paralyzed and epileptic; and in 1871 physician to University college hospital. In 1871 he published "The Modes of Origin of Lowest Organisms," and in 1872, "The Beginnings of Life" (2 vols.). He has also contributed many valuable papers to various medical and philosophical journals. Dr. Bastian, the youngest member of the royal society, has gained an excellent reputation as a general pathologist, and is an authority on the pathology of the nervous system.
The study of the microscopical character of the blood in acute diseases led him to question accepted views in regard to the lowest forms of life and their mode of origin, and he has prosecuted the investigation of this subject with such zeal and originality that he is now regarded as at the head of the school of hetero-genists or believers in the doctrine of spontaneous generation.