Bayard Taylor, an American author, born in Kennett Square, Chester co., Pa., Jan. 11, 1825. In 1842 he became an apprentice in a printing office in West Chester. In 1844-5 he made a pedestrian tour in Europe, and after his return published " Views Afoot, or Europe seen with Knapsack and Staff " (1846). For a year he edited a newspaper in Phcenixville, Pa., then went to New York, wrote for the " Literary World," and soon after became a member of the editorial staff of the " Tribune," in which journal many of his subsequent works of travel first appeared. In 1849 he visited California, and returned home by the way of Mexico. In 1851 he set out on a protracted tour in the East, in the course of which he ascended the Nile to lat. 12° 30' N, and afterward traversed large portions of Asia Minor, Syria, and Europe; and in the latter part of 1852 he made a new departure from England, crossing Asia to Calcutta, and thence proceeding to China, where he joined the expedition of Commodore Perry to Japan; and he afterward made several other journeys.
In 1862-'3 he was secretary of legation at St. Petersburg. and part of the time charge d'affaires. In 1874 he revisited Egypt, and attended the millennial celebration in Iceland, at which a poem by him was read, translated into Icelandic. At intervals he has appeared as a public lecturer, and has resided for several years in Germany. Besides his "Views Afoot," he has published " El Dorado, or Adventures in the Path of Empire" (2 vols. 12mo, 1850); "A Journey to Central Africa" (1854); "The Lands of the Saracen" (1854); "A Visit to India, China, and Japan " (1855); " Northern Travel: Summer and Winter Pictures of Sweden, Denmark, and Lapland" (London, 1857; New York, 1858); " Travels in Greece and Russia " (1859); "At Home and Abroad, a Sketch Book of Life, Scenery, and Men" (1859; 2d series, 1862); " Colorado, a Summer Trip " (1867); "By-Ways of Europe " (1869); and " Egypt and Iceland " (1874). His volumes of poems are: "Ximena, or the Battle of the Sierra Morena, and other Poems" (Philadelphia, 1844); "Rhymes of Travel, Ballads, and other Poems" (1848); "The American Legend," a poem delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa society of Harvard university (1850); "Book of Romances, Lyrics, and Soncs" (1851); "Poems and Ballads" (1854); "Poems of the Orient" (1855); " Poems of Home and Travel," a selection from his early lyrics (Boston, 1855); "The Poet's Journal" (1862); "The Picture of St. John" (1866); "The Ballad of Abraham Lincoln" (1869); "The Masque of the Gods" (1872); "Lars, a Pastoral of Norway" (1873); "The Prophet, a Tragedy" (1874); and "Home Pastorals, Ballads, and Lyrics" (1875). He has also published the novels "Hannah Thurston, a Story of American Life " (1863), " John Godfrey's Fortunes" (1864), "The Story of Ken-nett" (1866), and "Joseph and his Friend" (1870). He has translated in the original metres both parts of Goethe's "Faust" (1870-'71), and has edited a "Cyclopedia of Modern Travel" (Cincinnati, 1856), " Frithiof's Saga," translated by W. L. Blackley from the Swedish of Tegner (1867), Auerbach's " Villa on the Rhine " (2 vols., 1869), and "Illustrated Library of Travel, Exploration, and Adventure " (vols, i.-iv., 1872-'4). Several of his works have been translated into German, French, and Russian. Since 1872 he has been engaged upon a combined biography of Goethe and Schiller.