Beaufort. I. A town and port of entry, capital of Carteret county, North Carolina, at the mouth of Newport river, a few miles from the sea, 11 m. N. W. of Cape Lookout, and 130 m. S. E. of Raleigh; pop. in 1870, 2,430, of whom 1,242 were colored. It is accessible by steamboat from Albemarle sound, and has a commodious and well sheltered harbor, considered the best in the state. On Bogue point, at its entrance, is Fort Macon. There is an extensive trade, chiefly in turpentine and rosin. II. A town and port of entry, capital of Beaufort county, South Carolina, on Port Royal island, and on an arm of Broad river communicating with Port Royal entrance on the one hand and St. Helena sound on the other, about 16 m. from the sea, and 48 m. W. S. W. of Charleston; pop. in 1870, 1,739, of whom 1,273 were colored. It has a spacious harbor, with 24 feet of water on the bar, and is a favorite summer resort. It has some foreign trade, and a weekly newspaper. Beaufort was occupied by the United States forces Dec. 6, 1861, having been abandoned by the confederates after the naval fight at Hilton Head.
Beaufort. I. A town of Anjou, France, in the department of Maine-et-Loire, 16 m. E. of Angers; pop. in 1866, 2,629. Among the various manufactures, those of sail cloth are the most famous. Beaufort became a county in the 13th century, and came into possession of King Rene in the 15th. The ancient castle of Beaufort passed into the hands of the English house of Lancaster at the close of the 13th century, and gave the title to the natural and afterward legitimatized children of John of Gaunt, to whom the lineage of the present English dukes of Beaufort is traced. II. The French dukes of Beaufort originated from Ga-brielle d'Estrees, mistress of Henry IV., who became duchess of Beaufort from an estate of that name in Champagne, which belonged to her family. III. The Belgian dukes and counts of Beaufort or Beaufiort trace their title to the beginning of the 11th century, and to a castle of that name in Namur.