Belmont, an E. county of Ohio, separated from West Virginia by the Ohio river, several affluents of which drain it; area, 520 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 39,714. The surface is uneven and hilly, and the soil excellent. Coal is found in large quantities. The Central Ohio division of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and the Cleveland and Pittsburgh railroad traverse the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 305,205 bushels of wheat, 1,181,615 of Indian corn, 481,803 of oats, 48,763 of barley, 142,569 of potatoes, 1,480,478 lbs. of tobacco, 674,178 of wool, 830,906 of butter, and 69,885 gallons of sorghum molasses; value of orchard products, $129,582. There were 9,207 horses, 7,718 milch cows, 11,883 other cattle, 162,787 sheep, and 22,991 swine. Capital, St. Clairsville.
Belmont, a village of S. E. Missouri, in Mississippi county, on the Mississippi river, opposite Columbus, Ky. A battle was fought here, Nov. 7, 1861, between the Union forces under Gen. Grant, and the confederates under Gen. Pillow. Columbus was occupied by a strong confederate force under Gen. Polk. On the 6th Gen. Grant with 2,800 men dropped down the river from Cairo to make a reconnoissance toward Columbus. He landed near Belmont, which was occupied by a small body of confederates, who were soon driven from their position. Gen. Polk sent Gen. Pillow with six regiments across the river, and with two others himself undertook to cut Grant off from his transports. Belmont, being commanded by the guns at Columbus, was untenable, and Grant, being greatly outnumbered, fell back toward his transports, repelling several vigorous attacks, and reembarked, leaving the enemy in possession of the field. The Uniomloss was 84 killed, 288 wounded, and 235 missing. The total confederate loss is not officially stated; in four regiments, out of the six actually engaged, it was 65 killed, 187 wounded, and 108 missing.