Benedict, surnamed Biscop, a Roman Catholic saint, born in England in 628, died Jan. 12, 690. At the age of 25 he quitted the court of King Oswin, at which he held a distinguished position, and devoted himself to the study of theology and monastic discipline. For this purpose he made three journeys to Rome, and then founded the monasteries of Wearmouth and Yarrow, of which he retained the direction. He encouraged the monks in the acquisition of learning, especially with a collection of Greek and Roman authors which he had made upon his travels, and in chanting, introducing the Gregorian chant into England. He also built a stone church at Wearmouth in the Italian style, and furnished its windows with glass brought from France. Among his writings a "Treatise on the Celebration of Feasts." is still extant. His life was written by the Venerable Bede, who was one of his disciples.
Benedict, abbot of Peterborough, an English monk and historian, died in 1193. He studied at Oxford, became prior of the monastery of Christ Church in Canterbury, shared the friendship both of Becket and King Henry, assisted at the coronation of Richard I., under whom he was keeper of the great seal, and wrote a history of the two kings and a life of the prelate, which are still extant.