Benton, the name of counties in eight of the United States. I. AW. central county of Mississippi, bordering on Tennessee, bounded S. W. by the Tallahatchee river, and watered by Tippah creek and Wolf river; organized since the census of 1870. According to state reports, the county in 1870 produced 3,030 bales of cotton. The Mississippi Central railroad passes through the N. W. corner. II. The N. W. county of Arkansas, bounded N. by Missouri and W. by the Indian territory; area, 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 13,831, of whom 182 were colored. It is watered by the White and Illinois rivers and affluents of the Neosho and Elk. The chief productions in 1870 were 84,-779 bushels of wheat, 340,046 of Indian corn, 40,569 of oats, 35,280 lbs. of tobacco, 13,740 of wool, and 20,132 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 4,336 horses, 829 mules and asses, 3,337 milch cows, 540 working oxen, 2,978 other cattle, 7,987 sheep, and 24,202 swine. Capital, Bentonville. III. A N. W. county of Tennessee, bounded E. by the Tennessee river and N. W. by the Big Sandy; area, 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 8,234, of whom 452 were colored. The Nashville and Northwestern railroad passes through the county, and the N. W. corner is crossed by the Memphis and Louisville railroad. The soil is good.
The chief productions in 1870 were 25,753 bushels of wheat, 357,403 of Indian corn, 412,435 lbs. of tobacco, 10,288 of wool, 25,692 gallons of sorghum molasses, and 696 bales of cotton. There were 1,747 horses, 819 mules and asses, 2,028 milch cows, 1,075 working oxen, 2,719 other cattle, 7,790 sheep, and 20,016 swine. Capital, Camden. IV. A W. county of Indiana, bordering on Illinois, watered by Pine and Sugar creeks; area, 414 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,615. The surface is mostly fertile prairie, and about one fifth of it is covered with forests of oak, ash, sugar maple, and walnut. The chief productions in 1870 were 50,513 bushels of wheat, 458,857 of Indian corn, 121,842 of oats, 6,659 tons of hay, and 20,097 lbs. of wool. There were 3,115 horses, 314 mules and asses, 1,906 milch cows, 8,248 other cattle, 5,143 sheep, and 8,566 swine. Capital, Oxford. V. An E. central county of Minnesota, bounded W. by the Mississippi river; area, 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,558. Little Rock, Elk, and St. Francis rivers, and a branch of Rum river drain the county. A branch line of the St. Paul and Pacific railroad passes through the S. W. corner, and a line is in progress from Sauk Rapids running N. through the county to connect with the Northern Pacific railroad.
The chief productions in 1870 were 3,541 bushels of wheat, 5,036 of Indian corn, 7,672 of oats, and 1,535 tons of hay. There were 99 horses, 217 milch cows, 331 other cattle, 261 sheep, and 168 swine. Capital, Sauk Rapids. VI. An E. central county of Iowa, drained by Cedar and Iowa rivers; area, 720 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 22,454. The Chicago and Northwestern, and the Burlington, Cedar Rapids, and Minnesota railroads traverse the county. The surface is undulating and occupied by prairies and woodlands. Fine building stone abounds. The chief productions in 1870 were l,254,i)47 bushels of wheat, 1,516,420 of Indian corn, 468,543 of oats, 68,103 of barley, 98,133 of potatoes, 32,473 tons of hay, 18,674 lbs. of wool, and 570,126 of butter. There were 8,878 horses, 394 mules and asses, 8,000 milch cows, 10,158 other cattle, 6,127 sheep, and 21,921 swine. Capital, Vinton. VII. A W. central county of Missouri, intersected by the Osage and its branches, the Pomme de Terre and Grand rivers; area, 770 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,322, of whom 320 were colored. The surface, which is somewhat uneven, is occupied by alternate tracts of fertile prairie and woodland. Lead is the most important mineral.
The chief productions in 1870 were 122,852 bushels of wheat, 358,959 of Indian corn, 120, 918 of oats, 36,238 lbs. of tobacco, 30,238 of wool, and 25,896 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 5,825 horses, 1,035 mules and asses, 4,780 milch cows, 955 working oxen, 7,928 other cattle, 15,685 sheep, and 17,991 swine. Capital, Warsaw. VIII. A W. county of Oregon, bordering on the Pacific, and bounded E. by the Willamette river; area, 1,200 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,584. The surface is mountainous, and the soil fertile and suited to agriculture and grazing. The chief productions in 1870 were 196,598 bushels of wheat, 2,343 of Indian corn, 146,235 of oats, 3,124 of flaxseed, and 68,970 lbs. of wool. There were 2,263 horses, 2,665 milch cows, 3,564 other cattle, 12,957 sheep, and 8,081 swine. Capital, Cor-vallis.
Benton, a post village of Lafayette county, Wisconsin, 13 m. N. of Galena, 111., in a region abounding in lead mines, which are extensively worked; pop. in 1870, 1,723. It contains smelting furnaces and several churches.