Berar, Or Nagpore, one of the Central Provinces of British India, bounded N. by the Ner-budda territory, E. by the presidency of Madras, and S. and W. by the dominions of the Nizam, extending from lat. 17° 48' to 22° 43' N., and from lon. 75° 24' to 82° 48' E.; area, 76,474, sq. m.; pop. 4,650,000, of whom 4,000,-000 are Brahmanical Hindoos, 100,000 Mohammedans, and 550,000 Gondees. It consists mainly of an elevated tract, adjoining the Vin-dhya and Sautpoora ranges. It is watered by the Wurda, Wynegunga, Khahan, Taptee, and Mahanuddy. The soil of the extensive tract along the left bank of the Wurda is very fertile, and well suited to grain, tobacco, sugar, and especially cotton, of which it sent 233,000 bales to England in 1869. The wheat is considered the best in India. - The ancient country of Berar was one of the five original independent kingdoms of the Deccan. In the 17th century it was part of the Mogul empire, and on the fall of that empire it was overrun by the Mah-rattas and divided between the Peishwa and the rajah of Nagpore. The latter prince, having joined with Dowlat Row Sindia against the British in 1803, was forced to cede to them the province of Cuttack, together with Sumbul-poor and Patna,. and to the Nizam some provinces on the frontier of Hyderabad. On the extinction of the male line of succession in 1853, the country was seized by the British and placed under the direct control of the governor general until the organization of the Central Provinces in 1861. Chief city, Nagpore.