Bernardo Del Carpio, a Spanish warrior of the 9th century, probably horn in the castle of Carpio, Valencia. He was the offspring of a secret marriage between Don Sancho de Saldafia and Ximena, sister of Alfonso II., the Chaste, of Leon. The king on the discovery of the marriage had Saldafia imprisoned and blinded, and Ximena sent to a convent. Bernardo was brought up at court, and acquired renown in the warfare against the Moors, which be continued even after he had left his uncle's service in consequence of the failure of repeated efforts to obtain his father's release. Finally in his exasperation he joined the Moors, and took up his headquarters at the castle of Carpio, upon which Alfonso promised to relent on condition of the surrender of that Btronghold. But Saldafia was not set free, and according to some authorities he was put to death either by Alfonso, who died in 842, or by his successor Alfonso the Great, while Bernardo was reported to have left Spain and to have acquired additional fame as a knight errant in France. The narrative of his exploits is associated with many romantic traditions, and there are different versions of his life, according to one of which he was kept for a long time in ignorance of his parentage, and on discovering it defied Alfonso, after taking possession of the castle in which his father was confined.

He figures in many old Spanish chronicles and ballads, and in several plays by Lope de Vega, as B national hero and as the suc-cessful antagonist of Roland at Roncesvalles. An epic poem, El Bernardo, was published by Bernardo de Balbuena in Madrid in 1624 (new ed., 8 vols., 1808; abridged in Poeslas selectas castellanas, by Quintana, 1833).