Berosus, a priest of Belus at Babylon, who probably lived about 250 B. 0., although some place him 30 and even 70 years earlier, He wrote in Greek a history of Chaldea or Babylonia, professing to derive the materials from the archives of the temple. It embraced the myths and traditions of the early ages, a description of Babylonia, and a chronological list of its kings down to Cyrus. He starts with a mythical period of 34,080 years, during which there were 86 kings, two of whom reigned more than 2,000 years each. His earliest historical date is placed by Rawlinson about 2458 B. C, and he speaks of 132 kings who reigned between that time and 538 B. C. His work itself is lost, there being extant only fragments preserved in citations by Josepbus, Eusebius, Polyhistor, Syncellus, and some of the Greek fathers. The historical chronology of Berosus is to a degree confirmed by the inscriptions which have been discovered in Babylonia and Assyria, and, as far as they touch upon each other, by the Hebrew records. It is generally accepted as tolerably authentic by scholars, who discredit the statements of Ctesias. The existing fragments of Berosus, with the inscriptions, fill a space otherwise vacant in ancient history.
They were partially collected by Scaliger in De Emendatione Temporum (Leyden, 1583), and more fully by Fabricius in the Bihliotheca Grceca (Hamburg, 3d ed., 1718-'28); the best collection is by Richter, Berosi Chaldceorvm Historian que svpersunt (Leipsic, 1825; Paris, 1848). A work ascribed to Berosus, Antiqui-tatum libri quinque, cum Commentaries Joan-nis Annii, which appeared at Rome in 1498, and has been several times reprinted, is spurious, being a forgery by Annius of Viterbo.