Boiardo, Or Bojardo, Mattoo Maria, count of Scandiano, an Italian poet, born at Scandiano in 1430 or 1434, died in Reggio in December, 1494. After finishing his studies in the university of Ferrara, he was received with distinction at the court of the duke of Este in that city, and was appointed governor of Reggio in 1478, of Modena in 1481, and again of Reggio in 1487. His great chivalrous poem, which was left unfinished, Orlando innamorato, is divided into three books, containing 69 cantos. In 1545 this work had already passed through 16 editions, but the entire work was first printed in 1495. It was translated into French by Vincent in 1544, and subsequently by Rosset and Tressan, and Le Sage made an imitation of it. Boiardo wrote his poem in the Italian spoken in his time at the court of Ferrara, and it was therefore very much criticised at Florence. After various attempts to purify the style, it was more than once entirely rewritten; the best rifaccimento is that of Berni. This brought the poem into disuse, and Panizzi first published the primitive text, with a careful examination of the poem (London, 1830). Ariosto's Orlando furioso is a continuation of Boiardo's poem.

Boiardo was the author of many other works, the most valuable of which are his Sonnetti e canzoni (3 vols., Reggio, 1499), almost all addressed to his mistress, Antonia Capraca. Among the others is II Timone, a drama in five acts.