Bonheur. I. Rosalie (commonly called Rosa), a French painter, born at Bordeaux, March 22, 1822. Her first instructor in painting was her father, Raymond Bonheur, an artist of considerable merit; but she owes her remarkable success in the delineation of animals to a constant study of living subjects. Pier first contribution to the French exhibition was made in 1841, when she sent two pictures, "Goats and Sheep " and " Two Rabbits." From that time she devoted herself to her favorite class of subjects, visiting stables, shambles, and fairs, and studying the structure and habits of animals under all circumstances. The result of these studies was a series of pictures which gave her a reputation second to that of no artist in her special department. Among the most noted of her paintings are "The Horse for Sale," "Horses in a Meadow," "The Three Musketeers," "A Drove on the Road," "Farm Labor in Nivernais," "Cows and Sheep in a Hollow Road," "The Horse Fair," "Deer Crossing an Open Space," and " Bucks in Repose." The "Ploughing in Nivernais" was placed in the Luxembourg, and the "Horse Fair " was a leading attraction at the French exposition of 1853 and at the universal exposition at London in 1855. The artist worked 18 months on this latter picture, attending the horse market in Paris regularly twice a week during the time.
Mile. Bonheur became directress of the free school of design for girls at Paris in 1849, but has given little of her own time to its affairs, her sister Mme. Peyrol having actual charge of the institution. She has tried her hand at sculpture as well as painting, and in 1848 took a first class medal for a bronze group. She has received several other medals and prizes, and in 1865 was decorated with the cross of the legion of honor. Her latest picture (1872) represents a fight between a hyaena and a tiger. II. Augnste, a French artist, brother of the preceding, born in Bordeaux, Nov. 4, 1824. He studied under his father, and has painted landscape, genre, and cattle pieces, making rather a specialty of the last named department, besides a few portraits. He has received a medal of the first class. III. Jules Isidore, a French sculptor, brother of the preceding, born in Bordeaux, May 15, 1827. He studied painting under his father, and at the same time gave much attention to modelling in clay, choosing animals generally for his subjects. His first works publicly exhibited were a painting representing a combat between a lioness and a horseman, and a sculptured group illustrating the same subject.
He soon after abandoned painting, and has since devoted himself exclusively to the production of single figures and groups, mostly in » bronze, representing cattle, horses, dogs, and animals of the chase. IV. Juliette (Madame Peyrol), a French painter, sister of the preceding, born in Paris, July 19, 1830. She has painted chiefly animals and rural subjects, and is her sister's chief assistant in the direction of the school of design for women at Paris.