Bourbon. I. A N. E. County Of Kentucky, bounded E. by the South Licking river, which also intersects the N. E. part, and drained by Hinkston, Stoner's, and Stroad's creeks; area, about 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870,14,863, of whom 6,677 were colored. This county forms part of the region called the garden of Kentucky. The surface is gently undulating, and the soil, of fine limestone derivation, is remarkably rich. Lead ore is found in small quantities; sulphur and chalybeate springs are numerous. On Stoner's creek is a remarkable ancient earthwork. The Kentucky Central and the Paris and Maysville railroads traverse the county. The chief productions in 1870 were 71,717 bushels of wheat, 67,739 of rye, 1,229,515 of Indian corn, 114,762 of oats, 163,850 pounds of butter, 47,585 of wool, and 5,572 tons of hay. There were 5,214 horses, 5,119 mules and asses, 3,870 milch cows, 16,629 other cattle, 11,038 sheep, and 19,387 swine. The manufacture of Bourbon whiskey, which takes its name from this county, is extensively carried on. Capital, Paris. II. A S. E. county of Kansas, bordering on Missouri, drained by the Little Osage and Marmiton rivers; area, 625 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,076. The Missouri River, Fort Scott, and Gulf, and the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas railroads traverse it.
The chief productions in 1870 were 145,179 bushels of wheat, 706,607 of Indian corn, 266,320 of oats, 81,527 of potatoes, 20,789 tons of hay, 12,103 of wool, 255,218 of butter, and 225,569 gallons of sorghum molasses. There were 5,423 horses, 5,299 milch cows, 10,055 other cattle, 4,302 sheep, and 6,867 swine. Capital, Bourbon.