Bradford. I. William, the first printer in Pennsylvania, born in Leicester, England, in 1658, died in New York, May 23,1752. Being a Quaker, he emigrated in 1682, and landed where Philadelphia was afterward built. In 1686 he printed an almanac. In 1692, having printed the alleged seditious writings of George Keith, he was tried for libel. The justice having charged the jury to find only the fact as to the printing, Bradford maintained that they were to find also whether the paper was really seditious, and that " the jury are judges in law as well as the matter of fact." He was not convicted, but having incurred the displeasure of the dominant party in Philadelphia, he removed to New York in 1693, and in that year printed the laws of the colony. On Oct. 16, 1725, he began the first newspaper in New York, called the " New York Gazette." In 1728 he established a paper mill at Elizabeth-town, N. J. For more than 50 years he was printer to the government of New York, and for 30 years the only one in the province. II. Andrew, an American printer, son of the preceding, born in Philadelphia about 1686, died Nov. 23, 1742. He was the only printer in Pennsylvania from 1712 to 1723. On Dec. 22, 1719, he commenced the "American Weekly Mercury," the first newspaper in Philadelphia; and he gave employment to Benjamin Franklin on his arrival there in 1723. In 1732 he was postmaster.
In 1735 he kept a bookstore at the sign of the Bible in Second street; and in 1738 he removed to No. 8 South Front street, to a house which in 1810 was occupied as a printing house by his descendant, Thomas Bradford, publisher of the " True American".